Toronto Transit Commission Line 5 Eglinton

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Toronto Transit Commission Logo.png
Line 5 Eglinton Crosstown
Number of Branches
Distance 19km (Kennedy Station - Mount Dennis)
Blue Night
Types of vehicles used Bombardier Flexity Freedom Wc15.JPG
Division Eglinton Crosstown LRV MSF
Ridership (2016) NA

The Eglinton Crosstown LRT (also known as simply The Crosstown) is a future light rail transit line that will run from Kennedy Station to Weston Road. The central portion of the route will run under Eglinton Avenue. The line will have connections with the Bloor-Danforth Line and the Yonge-University-Spadina Line.

As part of a master agreement with the City of Toronto, Metrolinx is responsible for project delivery and the Toronto Transit Commission will be responsible for the line's operation. The line is scheduled to open in 2021.

History

The Eglinton Crosstown LRT was part of the Transit City Light Rail Plan introduced by former mayor David Miller and former TTC chair Adam Giambrone in 2007. Under that plan, the LRT line would eventually connect Kennedy Station with Pearson Airport in its second phase. Connections would have been made with other Transit City lines: the Don Mills LRT and Jane LRT. There would have also been connections with the Mississauga Transitway in the west. The environmental assessment for this project was completed in March 2010 and was approved by the Ontario Minister of the Environment in June.

After the election of Rob Ford as the new mayor of Toronto, he quickly declared the cancellation of Transit City. Work began on revising the transit plan to fit Ford's vision. On March 30, 2011, the government of Ontario announced $12.4 billion in funding for the revised plan for LRT along Eglinton Avenue and for the TTC to extend the Sheppard Line in both directions. The revised LRT plan would cost $8.2 billion to build.[1] However, on February 8, 2012, city council renewed their support for the original Transit City plan.[2]

Metrolinx ordered four Lovat tunnel boring machines (TBMs) at a cost of $62 million in 2010. A competition was held two name the machines. One pair has been named Dennis and Lea, and another pair has been named Humber and Don.

Pre-construction work and construction of the TBM launching shaft between Black Creek Drive and Bicknell Avenue took place in 2011. Premier Dalton McGuinty along with Mayor Rob Ford, MPPs, City Councillors and various officials marked the start of construction on the project on November 9, 2011. The boring machines were expected to be lowered and begin construction of the Midtown tunnel in late summer 2012.[3] However due to difficulties in construction, tunneling did not begin until June 2013. Metrolinx anticipated completion of the Eglinton Crosstown Line by 2021. The line was scheduled to open one year earlier, however a change in scope of the project necessitated the extended deadline according to Metrolinx.

TBMs Dennis and Lea completed tunneling of the western segment when they reached Yonge Street on May 10, 2016. TBMs Don and Humber completed tunneling of the eastern segment when they reached Yonge Street on August 17, 2016.[4]

In the summer of 2017, preparatory works for the eastern at-grade portion of the Eglinton line began. Approximately seven kilometres of medians would be removed between Leslie Street and Rosemount Drive to make way for the dedicated transit lanes.[5] Guideway work began in late 2018, and the first concrete pour occurred at O’Connor Drive in early 2019 with the first tracks laid soon after. [6]

Route details

Phase I

The first phase of the line will run 19 kilometres along Eglinton Avenue between Kennedy Station and Weston Road. Approximately 10 kilometres of the route will run underground from Laird Drive to Keele Street. Where it is not underground, the line will run down the centre of Eglinton Avenue.

To address traffic and pedestrian concerns as well as preserving a future connection to GO Transit, a new western alignment was presented to the public in July 2012. The western alignment from Keel Street to Jane Street was amended with an elevated segment to Black Creek Drive from a portal west of Keele Street and an underground segment from Black Creek Drive to just east of Weston Road (Mt. Dennis). The stop at Jane Street will be built as part of Phase 2.[7]

Under Rob Ford's revised plan, the first phase would have ran completely underground from either Jane Street or Black Creek Drive to Kennedy Station and continue above ground to Scarborough Centre Station. The six kilometre portion from Kennedy Station to Scarborough Centre Station would have followed the Scarborough RT alignment using LRT technology. In total, there would have been 26 stations. The combined Eglinton Line and Scarborough RT was named the Eglinton-Scarborough Crosstown Line. City council, however, later voted to go ahead with the original Transit City plan.

Crosstown West

The second phase of the Eglinton Crosstown LRT would see an extension of the line to Pearson International Airport. From Mount Dennis Station, the line would continue along Eglinton Avenue to Commerce Boulevard (Renforth Mississauga Transitway Station), where it would cross the 401 to Convair Drive and Silver Dart Drive. It would then make its way to the airport.

The original plan from the airport to Mount Dennis Station had stops at Silver Dart Drive, Corvair Drive, Commerce Boulevard, Renforth Drive, Rangoon Road, The East Mall, Martin Grove Road, Widdicombe Hill Boulevard/Lloyd Manor Road, Kipling Avenue, Wincott Drive/Bemersyde Drive, Islington Avenue, Russell Road/Eden Valley Drive, Royal York Road, Mulham Place, Scarlett Road, and Jane Street.

After campaigning on his SmartTrack plan, John Tory proposed a heavy rail line between Mount Dennis and Pearson International Airport. After studying the proposal it was found that the second phase of the Eglinton Crosstown LRT would be more cost effective and be less disruptive.[8] It was recommended that the Eglinton Crosstown line be extended to Pearson International Airport.

Initially conceived as running entirely at-grade, the City considered grade separations at Martin Grove Road, Kipling Avenue, Islington Avenue, Royal York Road, Scarlett Road, and Jane Street.[9] They also recommended 10 stations on the western extension, removing stops at Rangoon Road, The East Mall, and Russell Road/Eden Valley Drive. City staff later ruled out any further consideration of the studied grade separations believing the estimated costs were greater than the estimated benefits. However Mayor John Tory asked for further study citing community feedback.[10]

By 2019, the City had four options for the Eglinton Crosstown western extension. The first option would have the line run at-grade from Jane Street to Renforth Station with stops at Scarlett Road, Mulham Place, Royal York Road, Islington Avenue, Wincott Drive, Kipling Avenue, Widdicombe Hill Boulevard, and Martin Grove Road. The second option would have the line run underground from Jane Street to Renforth Station. The third option would have the line elevated at Jane Street, then continue underground to Renforth Station with only one stop at Kipling Avenue. The fourth option would have the line elevated at Jane Street and Scarlett Road, then underground to Renforth Station with stops at Royal York Road, Islington Avenue, Kipling Avneue, and Martin Grove Road.[11]

In April 2019, the Province of Ontario announced a $28.5 billion transit plan for the GTHA (of which they would put forth $11.2 billion). Included was the extension of the Eglinton Crosstown toward Pearson International Airport. It was estimated to cost $4.7 billion and be completed before 2031.[12]

Crosstown East

Under John Tory's administration, a proposal for the extension of the Eglinton Crosstown LRT further into Scarborough was presented in January 2016. The alignment was, in essence, that of the Scarborough Malvern LRT proposed with Transit City. Rather than terminating at Sheppard, however, the Crosstown East extension will terminate at the University of Toronto Scarborough Campus. The funds for the extension is to come from money saved by removing two stations on the Scarborough Subway Extension. The subway would terminate at Scarborough Centre rather than Sheppard Avenue East and would not stop at Lawrence Avenue East.[13]

From Kenned Station, the line would travel on Eglinton Avenue and stop at Midland Avenue, Falmouth Avenue, Danforth Road, McCowan Road, Bellemy Road Eglinton GO Station, Mason Road, Markham Road, and Kingston Road. It would then turn north along Kingston Road with stops at Guildwood Parkway, Celest Drive Guildwood GO Station, Galloway Road, and Lawrence Avenue/Morningside Avenue. Traveling north on Morningside Avenue, the line would stop at West Hill Collegiate Institute as well as Ellesmere Road. From Ellesmere Road it would continue through the University of Toronto Scarborough Campus to Military Trail, then continue north to the Pan Am Sports Centre. In May 2018, a city report recommended planning for a further six-stop extension to Malvern Town Centre. It also recommended grade separation (LRT in a tunnel) is recommended at the Kingston Road, Lawrence Avenue East and Morningside Avenue intersection. Mayor John Tory made the announcement alongside councillors Josh Colle and Neethan Shan.[14][15]

Stations

All stations will be wheelchair accessible, accept the Presto card, feature Designated Waiting Areas, and have CCTV. The platforms at Eglinton and Eglinton West will cross under the subway line and provide a connection for passengers. Kennedy Station will be rebuilt to provide connections to the subway and proposed LRT lines.

The design phase for stations from Keele Street to Chaplin Crescent began in early 2011. After public consultation, initial construction began in 2013. In addition, preliminary designs for stations from Avenue Road to Bayview Avenue began in 2013. Construction of the stations themselves began in 2014.

The revised Crosstown plan under Mayor Rob Ford omitted stops at Ferrand Drive, Pharmacy Avenue, Lebovic Avenue, and Ionview Road, which were proposed in the original Transit City plan. However with city council renewing their support for the Transit City plan on February 8, 2012, these stops were restored.[16] However after review, Metrolinx sought to continue the line underground to Don Mills Road. It was decided that the stop at Leslie street would be eliminated because the forecaster low ridership did not justify the $80 million it would cost to have the stop underground. The stop at Ferrand Drive was to be eliminated as well due to geometric constraints. Both stops at Ferrand and Leslie were restored after public opposition to their removal.[17]

Station name Date opened Connections Notes
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Proposed as Keele
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Proposed as Dufferin
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Yonge-University-Spadina line Eglinton West Station will be renamed
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Proposed as Bathurst
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Yonge-University-Spadina line
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Proposed as Bayview
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Proposed as Leslie
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Proposed as Don Mills
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Proposed as Ferrand
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Proposed as Bermondsey
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Proposed as Victoria Park
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Proposed as Lebovic
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Proposed as Warden
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Bloor-Danforth line
GO Transit Stouffville

Maintenance and Storage Facility

A maintenance and storage facility (MSF) will be located next to the Mount Dennis Station on the former site of Kodak Heights. The MSF is expected to accommodate 165 light rail vehicles and share the 23 hectare site with development designed to benefit the surrounding community. Development of the land is also expected to improve its frontage onto Eglinton Avenue.[18]

The land was acquired by Metrolinx in 2012 who followed with public consultation through to 2013. Community-focused design principles were included in its request for proposals, which was issued in December of that year. Crosslinx Transit Solutions, a consortium comprised of EllisDon, SNC-Lavalin, Aecon and ACS - Dragados, was selected to design, build, and maintain the Eglinton Crosstown which includes the maintenance and storage facility.

Construction of the combined Mount Dennis Station and MSF site began in earnest with the demolition of the Photography Drive bridge in February 2016. It will be rebuilt to become a new access road to the bus terminal and MSF. Former Kodak building no. 9 (3500 Eglinton Avenue West) was moved on August 25, 2016 to make way for construction of the station. It will be moved back and become a part of the Mount Dennis Mobility Hub.

References

  1. Kalinowski, Tess (30 March 2011). Queen’s Park and city have a $12.4B TTC deal. Toronto Star (Toronto). Retrieved on 2011-03-30
  2. Kalinowski, Tess; Rider, David (8 February 2012). Special transit meeting: Council approves plan put forward by Karen Stintz. Toronto Star (Toronto). Retrieved on 2012-02-08
  3. Construction Progresses at the West Launch Site Press release). thecrosstown.ca. 17 February 2012. Retrieved on 2012-03-15
  4. Tunnel Boring Machines: A Recap. Metrolinx.
  5. Preparatory Road Works on Eglinton Avenue East for Surface Stops. Metrolinx, 09 June 2017.
  6. Crosstown Progress? It’s all about the tracks being made along Toronto’s Golden Mile. Metrolinx, 14 May 2019.
  7. Western Alignment & Vehicle Maintenance & Storage Facility Consultation Presentation. Metrolinx. Retrieved on 14 July 2012
  8. Rider, David. "Smarttrack Still On Track Despite Changing Plan, Mayor Tory Says". Toronto Star 2016. Web. 24 Jan. 2016.
  9. [1]
  10. [2]
  11. [3]
  12. [4]
  13. Moore, Oliver, and Marcus Gee. "Scarborough Subway Would Shrink Under Plan To Extend Eglinton Crosstown". The Globe and Mail 2016. Web. 24 Jan. 2016.
  14. [5]
  15. [6]
  16. The Crosstown map as of February 8, 2012
  17. [7]
  18. [8]

External links


v·d·e
Toronto Transit Commission Logo.png
Miscellaneous
Vehicles Buses - Streetcars - Subway/RT - Rail Workcars
Current Divisions Arrow Rd - Birchmount - Davisville - Eglinton - Greenwood - Hillcrest - Lakeshore - Leslie Barns - Malvern - McCowan - Mount Dennis - Queensway - Roncesvalles - Russell - Wilson
Future Divisions McNicoll
Former Divisions Danforth - (Old) Eglinton - Lansdowne - St. Clair (Wychwood) - Vincent
Former Projects Network 2011 - OneCity - Transit City (Bus Plan - Light Rail Plan)
Bus Stops 1-999, 1000-1999, 2000-2999, 3000-3999, 4000-4999, 5000-5999, 6000-6999, 7000-7999, 8000-8999, 9000-9999, 10000-10999, 11000-11999, 12000-12999, 13000-13999, 14000-14999, 15000-15999
Current Routes
Rapid Transit 1 (Yonge-University) - 2 (Bloor-Danforth) - 3 (Scarborough) - 4 (Sheppard) - 5 (Eglinton Crosstown) - Finch West - Sheppard East
Bus 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 15 16 17 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 160 161 162 165 167 168 169 171 175 176 189
Downtown Express 141 142 143 144 145
Blue Night 300 301 302 304 306 307 310 312 315 320 322 324 325 329 332 334 335 336 337 339 341 343 352 353 354 363 365 383 384 385 395 396
Community 400 402 403 404 405 407
Streetcar 501 502 503 504 505 506 508 509 510 511 512
Express Network 900 902 903 905 913 924 925 927 929 935 937 939 941 944 945 952 953 954 960 984 985 986 989 995 996
Former Routes
Bus 1 2 3 4 13 13 13 14 19 24 27 28 30 38 40 42 58 59 93 102 106 107 108 117 118 121 121 123 124 136 137 139 139 140 144 163 164 166 171 172 197 224 268 406 408
Rocket 185 186 188 190 191 192 193 194 194 195 196 198 199
Blue Night 302 303 305 307 308 309 310 311 315 316 317 319 321
Community 401 406 409 425
Streetcar 507 514 521 522
Stations
Yonge-University Vaughan Metropolitan Centre - Highway 407 - Pioneer Village - York University - Finch West - Downsview Park - Sheppard West - Wilson - Yorkdale - Lawrence West - Glencairn - Eglinton West - St. Clair West - Dupont - Spadina - St. George - Museum - Queen's Park - St. Patrick - Osgoode - St. Andrew - Union - King - Queen - Dundas - College - Wellesley - Bloor-Yonge - Rosedale - Summerhill - St. Clair - Davisville - Eglinton - Lawrence - York Mills - Sheppard-Yonge - North York Centre - Finch
Bloor-Danforth Kipling - Islington - Royal York - Old Mill - Jane - Runnymede - High Park - Keele - Dundas West - Lansdowne - Dufferin - Ossington - Christie - Bathurst - Spadina - St. George - Bay - Bloor-Yonge - Sherbourne - Castle Frank - Broadview - Chester - Pape - Donlands - Greenwood - Coxwell - Woodbine - Main Street - Victoria Park - Warden - Kennedy
Scarborough Kennedy - Lawrence East - Ellesmere - Midland - Scarborough Centre - McCowan
Sheppard Sheppard-Yonge - Bayview - Bessarion - Leslie - Don Mills
Greater Golden Horseshoe Agencies
Barrie
Bradford West Gwillumbury
Brampton
Burlington
Caledon
Cobourg
Durham Region
Fort Erie
GO Transit
Grand River
Guelph
Hamilton
Lincoln
Metrolinx
Milton
Mississauga
Niagara Falls
Niagara-on-the-Lake
Niagara Region
Oakville
Orangeville
Pelham
Peterborough
Port Hope
Simcoe County
St. Catharines
Thorold
Toronto
Welland
York Region


v·d·e
Metrolinx logo (2017).png
Divisions
Current Divisions GO Transit - Presto - Union Pearson Express
Projects
Current Projects Eglinton Crosstown LRT - Finch West LRT - Hamilton LRT - Hurontario LRT - Regional Express Rail - Viva Rapidways - Union Station - Union Station GO Bus Terminal
Initiatives
Current Projects Transit Procurement Initiative - The Big Move - Smart Commute
Greater Golden Horseshoe Agencies
Barrie
Bradford West Gwillumbury
Brampton
Burlington
Caledon
Cobourg
Durham Region
Fort Erie
GO Transit
Grand River
Guelph
Hamilton
Lincoln
Metrolinx
Milton
Mississauga
Niagara Falls
Niagara-on-the-Lake
Niagara Region
Oakville
Orangeville
Pelham
Peterborough
Port Hope
Simcoe County
St. Catharines
Thorold
Toronto
Welland
York Region