Detroit Department of Transportation

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Detroit Department of Transportation logo 2018-a.png

Headquarters 1301 Warren Avenue East, Detroit, MI 48207
Area served Detroit, MI
Founded July 1, 1974
Fleet size 332 buses
Number of routes 42 (conventional), 3 (Fresh Wagon)
Bus stops 5,614
Average daily ridership in 2014 90,701
2014 total annual ridership 33 million
Website ridedetroittransit.com
Facebook RideDDOT
Twitter RideDDOT

The Detroit Department of Transportation serves the city of Detroit in the American state of Michigan. It also serves several nearby suburbs, where service is coordinated with the Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART).

History

Prior to 1974 the system was known as the Detroit Street Railway. Please see the timeline links at the bottom of this article for full history.

Timeline of important events

This section is incomplete. You can help!

  • 1974 - At midnight on July 1, 1974, DDOT takes over as the main transit system in the city of Detroit.
  • 1975 - DDOT acquires it's first buses since the 1974 renaming, these were former City of Pontiac 30-foot GMC New Looks. This was followed by the first new bus purchases: 40-foot GMC New Looks and AM General Metropolitan Series buses.
  • 1976 - On September 20, DDOT introduces the Washington Boulevard Trolley, which used a fleet of six vintage narrow-gauge trolley cars, as part of a five-block-long revitalization project along Washington Boulevard.
  • 1985 - DDOT's first low-floor buses enter service, these are two Bus Industries of America Orion II buses.
  • 1988 - Major service cutbacks take place in September as a result of declining ridership and funding as a result of the city's population itself declining.
  • 1994 - The first attempt is made to merge with the Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation, however, in the end, only several routes swapped agencies, who then retrieve them back after nearly a year.
  • 1995 - Around this time, DDOT begins to experience numerous bus shortages, driver shortages and cancelled trips, which plague the agency for twenty years afterwards.
  • 1998 - DDOT eliminates nearly all services outside the city of Detroit following another failed attempt to merge with SMART.
  • 2005 - DDOT breaks ground on the new Rosa Parks Transit Center in October. In the planning stage since at least 2001, it opens in late June 2009 and consolidates several terminus points scattered across the downtown area into one singular location.
  • 2007 - On April 21, DDOT eliminates all service to Belle Isle, ending nearly 100 years of transit service to the Detroit River island park.
  • 2008 - On June 16, DDOT launches five experimental express routes. All were later discontinued by DDOT on April 18, 2009.
  • 2009 - After another round of eliminations, the shortage and cancellation problems at DDOT worsen.
  • 2012 - On March 3, DDOT eliminates all 24-hour service as well as the last remaining vestiges of a once-expansive network of express routes operating on Detroit's freeway network.
  • 2014 - Mike Duggan takes a trip on Woodward Avenue one Monday in January and notices a large crowd waiting for a route 53 Woodward bus that is running two hours late. As a result, he fires the previous DDOT general manager and hires Dan Dirks to take over the position (he had previously served the same position at SMART). To alleviate the numerous cancellation and shortage problems, 80 New Flyer Industries Xcelsior buses are ordered and placed into service by 2015.
  • 2016 - DDOT service levels return to pre-2009 levels while the number of buses in service at peak hours reaches levels unseen since 1996, helped in part by the 80-bus order of the previous two years. On January 23, DDOT reintroduces 24-hour service on several major routes. On April 23, DDOT reintroduces Belle Isle service on a pilot basis. On September 3, DDOT relaunches express routes utilizing Detroit's freeway network, as well as direct routes to Eastern Market on Saturdays. In late December, the FTA lifts financial restrictions that had been placed on DDOT, citing service improvements.
  • 2017 - In January, a large fire at the Shoemaker Terminal destroys a small number of New Flyer Industries D40LF buses and results in the implementation of a policy in which drivers are now forbidden to idle buses at ends of their shifts, while ending another policy, dating back to the 1970's, where newly-delivered buses could not be used on weekends outside of rare situations. On September 4th, the Northland Center bus terminal closes permanently.

Recognition

Livery

At it's inception, DDOT inherited the final green-and-silver livery used by the DSR (DDOT logos were placed over DSR ones). In 1975, a DDOT-specific livery was introduced with the 1001-1148 series of buses. They were white with green and yellow stripes running along the sides before kicking up above the front door. The area around the windows was black. This livery was adapted from the one used on a 1973 New Look demonstrator that visited the DSR in May 1973.

The arrival of the their first RTS buses in 1978 introduced another livery. It was a green strip that widened as it was bisected by a yellow stripe. This style of livery was featured on General Motors' demonstrators, and was adapted for the colours of other transit agencies. During the 1980s bumpers on the RTS fleet were painted black.

In 1989, the 2000-2084 series came with a new livery that would become standard for over two decades. It featured a green stripe and a yellow stripe that crossed over each other at the front wheels and again at the rear wheels. Black skirting continued around the vehicle, but this would disappear beginning with the arrival of 3200-3232.

Beginning with the 1400-1430 series of buses in December 2014, the livery was again redesigned, this time taking visual cues from the original 1975 livery. The green and yellow stripes now kick up above the windows before turning back at the rear and fanning out towards the ground.

A new design debuted on August 28, 2018 with the 1800-1829 series, featuring white and gold rays against a mint green background emanating from a green silhouette of the Spirit of Detroit structure in front of the Coleman A. Young Municipal Center in downtown Detroit. This has come to be known as the rays livery or the "Doublemint Gum" livery. It will be applied on all current and new buses throughout the next year.

DDOT logo from 2007-2017.
DDOT logo from 2017-2018.

The original DDOT logo was a stylized "dot" wordmark, with green connected "dt" letters and a yellow circle inside the "d." This logo is still used today, however, in 2007, it was updated with green and yellow stripes behind the lettering, the word "DETROIT" forming a half-circle above the "dot" wordmark and the words "DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION" below the stripe. This logo, however, didn't appear on vehicles until 1201-1242 in 2011. By 2017, however, this logo was relegated to secondary status and a completely redesigned logo was implemented, featuring the official city logo (a Spirit of Detroit silhouette in a pale green box in a larger dark green box with a sloped bottom and the words "CITY OF DETROIT" at the bottom) and a green rectangle containing the words "DETROIT Department of Transportation" (with "DETROIT" in smaller letters) to it's right. Both logos would be phased out on August 28, 2018, replaced with a new logo featuring two green letter "D"s next to a green period.

Routes

See Detroit Department of Transportation routes for a full master list.

1 Vernor 2 Michigan 3 Grand River 4 Woodward 5 Van Dyke-Lafayette 6 Gratiot
7 Seven Mile 8 Warren 9 Jefferson 10 Greenfield 11 Clairmount 12 Conant
13 Conner 15 Chicago-Davison 16 Dexter 17 Eight Mile 18 Fenkell 19 Fort
23 Hamilton/John R 27 Joy 29 Linwood 30 Livernois 31 Mack 32 McNichols
38 Plymouth 39 Puritan 40 Russell 41 Schaefer 42 Mid-City Loop 43 Schoolcraft
46 Southfield 47 Tireman 52 Chene 54 Wyoming 60 Evergreen 67 Cadillac-Harper
68 Chalmers 80 Villages Direct 89 Southwest Direct 92 Rosedale Express 95 Ryan Express 96 Joy Express
99 Fresh Wagon

Fares

Fares are paid using SPX Genfare Odyssey fareboxes.

Current

Facilities

Headquarters

Terminals

Coolidge Terminal

Closed for renovations (started in January 2012). Used only for dispatch services currently.

Gilbert Terminal

Shoemaker Terminal

Reopened in January 2012.

Rosa Parks Transit Center

Fleet

At present, DDOT utilizes 332 transit buses for it's fixed-route service (with upwards of around 190 buses in service during weekday peak hours), from Gillig in 40-foot diesel and hybrid Low Floor models and from New Flyer Industries in diesel D40LF and XD40 models, diesel articulated XD60 models and hybrid XDE40 models.

Active roster

Fleet number(s) Thumbnail Year Manufacturer Model Engine Transmission Destination sign Seating Bicycle rack Notes
1001-1050
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1036-a.jpg March-May 2010 NFI D40LF Cummins ISL Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 39 American Seating InSight Byk-Rak 1033 is retired.
1201
Bicycle rack equipped bus
November 2011 Gillig Low Floor 40'
(G27D102N4)
Cummins ISL9 Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 39 American Seating InSight Sportworks
1202-1242
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1213-a.jpg January-March 2012 Gillig Low Floor 40'
(G27D102N4)
Cummins ISL9 Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 39 American Seating InSight Sportworks
1243-1246
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1245-a.jpg March 2012 Gillig Low Floor 40' HEV
(G30D102N4)
Cummins ISB6.7 Luminator Horizon 39 American Seating InSight Sportworks
1400-1430
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1413-a.jpg December 2014-February 2015 NFI XD40 Cummins ISL9 Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 40 4ONE Aries 4MA Sportworks Trilogy Feature full raised rooflines.
1500-1508
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1501-a.jpg March 2015 NFI XD40 Cummins ISL9 Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 40 4ONE Aries 4MA Sportworks Trilogy Feature full raised rooflines.
1509-1518
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1514-a.jpg April-May 2015 NFI XDE40 Cummins ISL330 Hybrid Allison H 40 EP hybrid system Luminator Horizon 40 4ONE Aries 4MA Sportworks Trilogy Delivery began in early April 2015.
1519-1538
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1531-a.jpg April-June 2015 NFI XD40 Cummins ISL9 Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 40 4ONE Aries 4MA Sportworks Trilogy
  • Feature full raised rooflines.
  • 1529 features plastic seats rather than upholstered seats.
1539-1548
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1546-a.jpg June-July 2015 NFI XD60 Cummins ISL9 Allison B500R 1539-1542, 1544-1548: Luminator Horizon

1543: Luminator Spectrum

52 4ONE Aries 4MA Sportworks Trilogy
1700-1728
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1717-a.jpg

Detroit Department of Transportation 1722-a.jpg

2017 NFI XD40 Cummins L9 Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 40 4ONE Aries 4MA Sportworks Trilogy
  • Delivery began August 1, 2017.
  • Feature full raised rooflines.
  • First DDOT buses to be delivered with rear windows since 1980.
  • Equipped with rear destination signs
1800-1829
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 1800-a.jpg 2018 NFI XD40 Cummins L9 Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 40 4ONE Aries 4MA Sportworks Trilogy
  • Delivery began August 11, 2018.
  • Expansion units
  • Feature full raised rooflines and rear windows.
  • Equipped with rear destination signs
  • Delivered with 2017 revision of 2014 livery, rewrapped into 2018 rays/"Doublemint Gum" livery after delivery.
3900-3959
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 3914-a.jpg December 2003-February 2004 NFI D40LF Detroit Diesel Series 50 EGR Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 39 American Seating 6468
  • Bike racks added between 2008-around 2013.
  • In process of retirement.
  • 3905, 3908, 3910, 3912, 3918-3920, 3923, 3931, 3934-3935, 3937, 3939-3941, 3943, 3948-3950 & 3952-3959 sold to SMART in November 2013
  • Small number of vehicles in this series destroyed in January 2017 Shoemaker Terminal fire.
4100-4220
Bicycle rack equipped bus
Detroit Department of Transportation 4179-a.jpg March-August 2005 NFI D40LF Cummins ISL Allison B400R Luminator Horizon 39 USSC Aries 4MA
  • Not numbered starting with 4000 due to then-recent retirement of Chance CNG-28 replica trolleys numbered in the 4000 series.
  • Bike racks added between 2008-around 2013.
  • In process of retirement.
  • 4107, 4109, 4116, 4140, 4145, 4176, 4181 & 4185 sold to SMART in November 2013
  • Small number of vehicles in this series destroyed in January 2017 Shoemaker Terminal fire.

On order

Retired roster

Buses bought new

Fleet Number(s) Thumbnail Year Retired Manufacturer Model Assembly plant Engine Transmission Destination sign Notes
1001-1148 Detroit Department of Transportation 1100-a.jpg 1975 1990 (unrefurbished vehicles)
1996(refurbished vehicles)
GMC T6H-5307A
New Look
Pontiac, MI Detroit Diesel 6V71N Rollsign
  • Purchased thru SEMTA and leased to DDOT
  • All but ten refurbished in the mid-1980's
1201-1251 1975 1986 AMG 10240A-6 South Bend, IN Detroit Diesel 6V71N Rollsign
  • Purchased thru SEMTA and leased to DDOT
  • Assigned exclusively to the Shoemaker Terminal
1300-1369 1978 1993 GMC RTS-03
(TH-8203)
Pontiac, MI Detroit Diesel 8V71N Allison V730 Rollsign
  • 1353 renumbered to 1411 after operator fatality accident
1370-1410 1978 1997 GMC RTS-03
(TH-8203)
Pontiac, MI Detroit Diesel 8V71N Allison V730 Rollsign
  • First RTS' with wheelchair lifts
  • Initially used as part of a DDOT/SEMTA wheelchair pilot program along the Gratiot Avenue corridor
1501-1605 1979 1999 GMC RTS-03
(T8H-203)
Pontiac, MI Detroit Diesel 8V71N Allison V730 Rollsign
1701-1717 1979 1997 GMC RTS-03
(T7W-203)
Pontiac, MI Detroit Diesel 6V71N Allison V730 Rollsign
  • Primarily used on the downtown and New Center Mini-Loop routes
  • Assigned exclusively to the Gilbert Terminal
  • 1701-1703 retrofitted with TransSign TransDot 1980
1801-1874 1980 1999 GMC RTS-03
(T8H-203)
Pontiac, MI Detroit Diesel 8V71N Allison V730 Rollsign
1900-1999 1986-1987 2002 GMDD TC40-102N
Classic
Saint-Eustache, QC Detroit Diesel 6V71N Allison V731 Rollsign Multiple vehicles in this series sold to various Canadian systems, mainly in Ontario, after retirement.
2000-2084 Detroit Department of Transportation 2018-a.jpg 1989 2003 MCI TC40-102A
Classic
Pembina, ND Vultron DVS7100
3000-3120 Detroit Department of Transportation 3118-a.jpg 1992-1993 2005 NFI D40 Grand Forks, ND Detroit Diesel 6V92TA Allison VR731 Vultron DVS7100 Replaced by the 41/4200-series D40LFs.
3250-3282 1997 March 2012 Nova Bus RTS-06
(T80-206)
Roswell, NM Detroit Diesel Series 50 Vultron DVS7100
  • Rejected by SMART.
  • Replaced by the 1200-series Gilligs.
3290-3299 1997 June 2010 Nova Bus RTS-06
(T80-206)
Roswell, NM Detroit Diesel Series 50 Vultron DVS7100
  • Semi-Suburban (parcel racks & high-back passenger seats)
  • Rejected by SMART.
  • Replaced by the 1000-series D40LFs.
3300-3328 1996-1997 2001 Ford/Goshen Sentry Elkhart, IN Vultron DVS7100 Many vehicles in this series destroyed in April 2000 Gilbert Terminal fire.
3500-3599 Detroit Department of Transportation 3566 and 3570-a.jpg 1996-1997 March 2012 Nova Bus RTS-06
(T80-206)
Roswell, NM Detroit Diesel Series 50 Allison V731 Vultron DVS7100 Replaced by the 1200-series Gilligs.
3600-3617 1997 March 2012 Nova Bus RTS-06
(T80-206)
Roswell, NM Detroit Diesel Series 50 Vultron DVS7100 Replaced by the 1200-series Gilligs.
3700-3799 Detroit Department of Transportation 3731-a.jpg February-May 2001 June 2015 Nova Bus RTS-06 (82VN) Roswell, NM Detroit Diesel Series 50 Balios LED Replaced by the 1500-series Xcelsiors.
3800-3859 Detroit Department of Transportation 3852-a.jpg December 2001-March 2002 June 2015 Nova Bus RTS-06 (82VN) Roswell, NM Detroit Diesel Series 50 Balios LED Replaced by the 1500-series Xcelsiors.
3975-3989 Detroit Department of Transportation 3975-a.jpg May-June 2004 2016-2017 NFI D40LF Crookston, MN Detroit Diesel Series 50 EGR Allison B400R Luminator Horizon
  • Bike racks added between 2008-around 2013.
  • 3978 & 3985-3988 sold to SMART in November 2013
4000-4003 1998 2004 Chance AH-28
(CNG-28)
Cummins B5.9G Vultron DVS7100
  • CNG Trolley Replica
  • Replaced by the 3900-series D40LFs.
4004-4013 1999 2004 Chance AH-28
(CNG-28)
Cummins B5.9G Vultron DVS7100
  • CNG Trolley Replica
  • Replaced by the 3900-series D40LFs.
4014-4024 2000 2004 Chance AH-28
(CNG-28)
Cummins B5.9G Vultron DVS7100
  • CNG Trolley Replica
  • Replaced by the 3900-series D40LFs.
8900-8913 1989 2002 Neoplan USA AN460 Detroit Diesel 6V92TA Vultron DVS7100
  • Rejected by SEMTA
  • Assigned exclusively to the Shoemaker Terminal

Buses acquired from other agencies

Fleet Number(s) Thumbnail Year Retired Manufacturer Model Assembly plant Engine Transmission Destination sign Notes
001-002 1985 1997 OBI Orion II
(02.501)
Oriskany, NY Detroit Diesel 8.2L Allison AT-545 Rollsign
  • Ex-Michigan Department of Transportation
  • DDOT's first low-floor buses
2521-2534 1964-1969 1986 GMC various New Look models
(see series page)
Pontiac, MI None SEMTA buses leased to DDOT in 1985-86 due to a bus shortage.
3002-3006 1971 1986 GMC TDH-3301A Pontiac, MI GMC 478 Toro-Flow II Rollsign Ex-Pontiac Municipal Transit Service 8501-8505; bought in 1975.
3200-3232 Detroit Department of Transportation 3282-a.jpg 1995 2008 Nova Bus RTS-06
(T80-206)
Roswell, NM Detroit Diesel Series 50 Vultron flipdot Originally delivered to SMART as 9533-9565, but rejected.

Buses inherited from DSR with original numbers retained

Fleet Number(s) Thumbnail Year Manufacturer Model Engine Transmission Destination sign Notes
1601-1775 January 1960 GMC TDH-5301 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
1901-1980 1961 GMC TDH-5301 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
1981-2040 November 1962 GMC TDH-5301 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2041-2090 October 1963 GMC TDH-5303 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2101-2180 September 1964 GMC TDH-5303 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2201-2285 September 1965 GMC TDH-5303 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2301-2320 February 1966 GMC TDH-5303 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2401-2500 September 1966 GMC TDH-5303 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2501-2520 November 1966 GMC TDH-5303 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2601-2646 June 1968 GMC T6H-5305 Rollsign
  • Received July 1, 1974
  • 2621 preserved by DDOT, used in several Detroit-set films such as Hoffa (1992) and Sparkle (2012)
2701-2800 September 1968 GMC T6H-5305 Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
2801-2934 December 1971 GMC T6H-5307A Rollsign Received July 1, 1974
3001 1960 GMC TDH-5301 Rollsign
  • Formerly DSR 1757
  • Cut down to a 30 foot bus
  • Retired in 1986.

Demonstrators

Fleet Number(s) Thumbnail Year Manufacturer Model Engine Transmission Destination sign Terminal Notes
? 1974 MAN SG-192 Demo'd July 1974.
? 2010 Nova Bus LFS HEV Demo'd June 22, 2010.

Support vehicles

Fleet Number(s) Thumbnail Year Manufacturer Model Engine Transmission Notes
301 2017 Ford Transit Connect
811 Detroit Department of Transportation 811-a.jpg ? ? Step van

References

External Links


v·d·e
Detroit Department of Transportation logo 2018-a.png
Vehicles
Current Low Floor 1001-1050, 1201-1242, 1400-1430, 1500-1508, 1519-1538, 1700-1728, 1800-1829, 3900-3959, 4100-4220
Current LF Hybrid 1243-1246, 1509-1518
Current LF Articulated 1539-1548
Former 001-002, 1001-1148, 1201-1251, 1300-1369, 1370-1410, 1501-1605, 1701-1717, 1801-1874, 1900-1999, 2000-2084, 2521-2534, 3000-3120, 3001, 3002-3006, 3200-3232, 3250-3282, 3290-3299, 3300-3328, 3500-3599, 3600-3617, 3700-3799, 3800-3859, 3975-3989, 4000-4024, 8900-8913
Routes
ConnectTen Routes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Downtown Routes 16, 18, 19, 23, 27, 29, 31, 40, 52, 67
North-South Routes 12, 13, 30, 41, 46, 54, 60, 68
East-West Routes 11, 15, 17, 32, 38, 39, 43, 47
Express/Direct Routes 42, 80, 89, 92, 95, 96, 99
Former Local Routes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (1974-1988), 5 (1996-2002), 6, 8, 20, 24, 26 (1974-88), 26 (1997-98), 28, 33 (1974-1988), 33 (1997-2005), 35 (1999-2005), 35 (1974-88), 36, 42, 44, 51, 52, 66, 99
Former Express Routes 70 (1974-88), 71 (1974-88)/70 (1988-2005, 2008-09), 72, 73, 74 (1974-88)/71 (2008-09), 75 (1974-88)/74 (2008-09), 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88 (1974-88)/73 (2008-09), 94, 97, 498
1994-95 Suburban Routes 125, 130, 150, 495
Facilities
Transit Centers Downtown Detroit, Fairlane Town Center Hub, Eastland Center Transit Center, Northland Center Hub, Rosa Parks Transit Center, State Fairgrounds Transit Center
Loops Brennan Loop, Pierson Loop, Wayburn Loop, Wyoming Loop
Terminals Coolidge Terminal (inactive), Gilbert Terminal, Shoemaker Terminal
Bus Stops 1-999, 1000-1999, 2000-2999, 31000-3999, 4000-4999, 5000-5999, 6000-6999, 7000-7999, 8000-8999, 9000-9999, 10000-10999
Timelines
History 1974-1983, 1984-1993, 1994-2003, 2004-2013, 2014-present
Southeast Michigan and Far Southwest Ontario Agencies
Ann Arbor
Port Huron
Chatham-Kent
Detroit bus
Detroit People Mover
Monroe
Leamington
Detroit M-1 Rail
Detroit M-1 Rail
RTA
Sarnia
Detroit suburbs
Tecumseh
Windsor