Société de transport de Montréal Métro

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The Montreal Métro was inaugurated on October 14, 1966 in preparation for the Canadian Centennial and Expo '67 hosted by Montreal. It is the second rapid transit system in Canada after Toronto's subway. Instead of traditional steel-wheeled trains however, the Métro uses a rubber tire system derived from the Paris Métro. Montreal's Métro is the first to be entirely rubber-tired as part of Paris' Métro uses steel wheels.

History

Multiple studies and plans were undertaken since 1910 for an underground rapid transit line. But it was not until the election of Jean Drapeau in 1960, that a system began coming together. Municipal council voted on November 3, 1961 to fund a $132 million, 16 kilometre Métro. The proposal would create three lines; one from Atwater to Frontenac (Line 1), one from Crémazie to Place-D'Armes (Line 2), and one under Mont-Royal (Line 3). After Montreal was awarded the 1967 World Fair, Line 3 was deferred in favour of a fourth line to serve the World Fair site in Longueuil.[1]

Line 3 would have run north-south under Mount-Royal using existing Canadian National tracks, and would have had nine to 17 stations. Line 3 would have required different stock that could run outdoors. The line was never built, however AMT now runs commuter trains to Deux-Montagnes through the Mount-Royal Tunnel.

Rubber tired trains were selected to handle the sharp inclines. The contract for the MR-63, which takes design queues from the Paris Metro's MP 59, was awarded to Canadian Vickers at a cost of $45.5 million in August 1963. The total cost of the Métro was now $213.7 million.[1]

The Métro was opened on October 14, 1966 making Montreal the 8th city in North America, and the 26th in the world, to have an underground rapid transit system. Four stations, Frontenac, Beaudry, Square Victoria, and Bonaventure, were not completed on opening day and were opened in the following months. Line 4, was inaugurated on April 1, 1967 the month Expo '67 began.[2]

The STM began construction of an extension of Line 1 from Frontenac to Honoré-Beaugrand on October 14, 1971. The increases in service necessitated a contract for 423 MR-73 cars, which was awarded to Bombardier in May 1974. The extension opened on June 1976, just weeks before the opening ceremonies of the 1976 Summer Olympics. The line was further extended to Angrignon in September 1978.[3]

The 1980s would see great Métro expansion. The Line 2 was extended from Bonaventure to Place-Saint-Henri in 1980. Line 2 was extended again north in September 1981 to Snowdon, in January 1982 to Côte-Sainte-Catherine, and in June 1982 to Plamondon. Plamondon remained the western terminus of Line 2 until January 1984, when the line was extended to Du Collège. Line 2 was extended to its current western terminus at Côte-Vertu in October 1986. A new line, given the number 5, was gradually opened from 1986 to 1988.[3]

In 1998, the Parti Quebecois announced the proposal to extend Line 2 into Laval. Construction of the 5.2-kilometre, 3-stop extension began in 2002 and was complete in 2007. Inauguration of the extension took place on April 26, 2007, and two days later, it was open to the public. According to the AMT, who oversaw the project, the total cost of bringing the Metro into Laval was C$745 million.[4]

Lines

Line 1 - Green
Line 2 - Orange
Line 4 - Yellow
Line 5- Blue

Rolling stock

Current roster

The Métro has a total fleet of 881 rubber-tired rolling stock.

Fleet number range Thumbnail Year Manufacturer Model Motors Notes
78-001 to 78-141 1976 Bombardier MR-73 Trailer car
79-501 to 79-782 1976 Bombardier MR-73 Motor car
10-011/10-019 to 10-131/10-139 Société de transport de Montréal 10-021-a.jpg 2013-... Bombardier, Alstom MPM-10
  • In service February 7th, 2016
  • Branded Azur
  • Numbered in 9-car sets, 1 and 9 being the end cars. No car will end with a 0.
  • Sets 1 through 13 in service as of January 2017.

Retired Roster

Fleet number range Thumbnail Year Manufacturer Model Motors Notes
80-001 to 80-123 1965-67 Canadian Vickers MR-63
  • Trailer car
  • Originally numbered 80-0001 to 80-0123 until 1977
81-501 to 81-746 Société de transport de Montréal 81-558-a.jpg 1963 Canadian Vickers MR-63
  • Motor car
  • Originally numbered 81-1501 to 81-1746 until 1977

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Métro history - Montreal moves forward." Société de transport de Montréal, n.d. Web. Retrieved on 21 July 2013.
  2. "Métro history - Inaugurations and extensions." Société de transport de Montréal, n.d. Web. Retrieved on 21 July 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Métro history - The 1970s and 1980s." Société de transport de Montréal, n.d. Web. Retrieved on 21 July 2013.
  4. Laval Metro Extension, amt.qc.ca. retrieved on 07 December 2013.
v·d·e
Société de transport de Montréal logo-b.png
Current fleet
Low floor 25-201 to 25-248 - 26-001 to 26-086 - 27-001 to 27-030 - 27-501 to 27-536 - 28-001 to 28-132 - 29-001 to 29-071 - 29-072 to 29-156 - 30-001 to 30-255 - 31-001 to 31-237 - 32-001 to 32-032
Hybrid 28-701 to 28-708 - 36-001 to 36-027 - 36-028 to 36-051 - 37-001 to 37-107 - 38-001 to 38-100 - 39-001 to 39-150 - 40-001 to 40-409
Electric 36-901 to 36-903 - 39-901 to 39-904 - 40-901 to 40-930
Articulated 29-801 to 29-858 - 30-801 to 30-882 - 31-801 to 31-862 - 32-801 to 32-810 - 33-801 to 33-845
Shuttle
Métro 78-001 to 78-141 - 79-501 to 79-782 - 10-011/10-019 to 10-541/10-549
Service vehicles Service vehicles
Facilities
Divisions/garages Anjou - Frontenac - LaSalle - Legendre - Mont-Royal - St. Denis - St. Laurent - Stinson - St. Michel (Adapté)
Routes
Métro Green - Orange - Yellow - Blue
Bus 10 to 99 - 100 to 199 - 200 to 299 - Express routes - Shuttle routes - Night routes - Other routes
Métro Stations
Green Angrignon - Monk - Jolicoeur - Verdun - De l'Église - LaSalle - Charlevoix - Lionel-Groulx - Atwater - Guy-Concordia - Peel - McGill - Place-des-Arts - Saint-Laurent - Berri-UQAM - Beaudry - Papineau - Frontenac - Préfontaine - Joliette - Pie-IX - Viau - Assomption - Cadillac - Langelier - Radisson - Honoré-Beaugrand
Orange Côte-Vertu - Du Collège - De la Savane - Namur - Plamondon - Côte-Sainte-Catherine - Snowdon - Villa-Maria - Vendôme - Place-Saint-Henri - Lionel-Groulx - Georges-Vanier - Lucien-L'Allier - Bonaventure - Square-Victoria - Place-d'Armes - Champ-de-Mars - Berri-UQAM - Sherbrooke - Mont-Royal - Laurier - Rosemont - Beaubien - Jean-Talon - Jarry - Crémazie - Sauvé - Henri-Bourassa - Cartier - De la Concorde - Montmorency
Yellow Berri-UQAM - Jean-Drapeau - Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke
Blue Snowdon - Côte-des-Neiges - Université-de-Montréal - Édouard-Montpetit - Outremont - Acadie - Parc - De Castelnau - Jean-Talon - Fabre - D'Iberville - Saint-Michel
Greater Montréal Agencies
Image:Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain
Laval
Longueuil
Montréal
Exo - Réseau de transport métropolitain
Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Transport MRC de Joliette