SkyTrain Canada Line

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SkyTrain Canada Line is wheelchair accessible.
SkyTrain Canada Line is a bike rack route.
Canada Line Logo and Symbol-a.png
System SkyTrain
Type Light metro rapid transit
Number of stations 16
Cities serviced Vancouver, Richmond
Termini Waterfront
Richmond–Brighouse
YVR–Airport
Operations
Opened August 17, 2009
Owner TransLink
Operator ProTrans BC
Rolling stock Hyundai Rotem EMU TransLink Accessible bullet-b.png
Technical
Line length 19.2 km (11.9 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
Electrification Third rail
Operating speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
Line Diagram

The Canada Line TransLink Accessible bullet-b.png is a SkyTrain line operated by ProTransBC, a subsidiary of InTransitBC, a contractor under TransLink in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Route Details

The Canada Line connects Waterfront Station in Vancouver with Vancouver International Airport and Richmond. The line was built through a P3 model. SNC-Lavalin built the line and its subsidiary, ProTransBC, will operate it under contract under 2044. The line and rolling stock is owned by TransLink.

The logo currently used for Canada Line branding.

Unlike other SkyTrain lines, the Canada Line does not run on linear induction but on conventional motors.

Most of the line is underground, with some sections at grade and elevated. The line has two bridges. From Waterfront to Olympic Village, the line travels in a tunnel built with a tunnel boring machine. From Olympic Village to north of Marine Drive, the line travels in a cut-and-cover tunnel. Elevated sections are from Marine Drive to Richmond-Brighouse and directly east of Templeton and the approach to YVR-Airport is also elevated. Most of the line on Sea Island is at grade to compensate for future airport taxiway expansion.

To save costs, YVR–Airport and Richmond–Brighouse run single track.

History

The logo used for the Canada Line during construction.

In the early 1990s, proposals were made to connect Vancouver and Richmond with rapid transit, restoring a similar rail corridor to the BC Electric Railway Lulu Island Line. By the late 1990s, a bus rapid transit plan was established and in 2001, the 98 B-Line was introduced. In 2000, a study began on evaluating modes and routes for the Canada Line, or what was known as the RAV Line, an acronym for Richmond-Airport-Vancouver Line at the time. The plan was narrowed down to either a SkyTrain route down Cambie or a light rail line down Arbutus. With financial support from both the federal and provincial governments, requests for consortia went out and was narrowed down to three: RAVLink Transportation (Fluor Canada, Siemens AG Canada, MTR Corporation, and Balfour Beatty Capital Projects), RAVxpress (Bombardier, AMEC, Bouygues Travaux Publics, and Bilfinger Berger), and SNC-Lavalin/Serco (InTransitBC, but Servco was no longer a partner in 2005).

In 2004 after twice voting to cancel the project, the TransLink Board approved the construction of the RAV Line but maintained the right to cancel the project if bids went over the budget of $1.35 billion. Construction started in October 2005 and RAV Line was renamed to Canada Line. The line was completed in 2009 ahead of schedule and on budget.

Construction of the line involved two different tunneling methods: tunnel boring and cut-and-cover. From Waterfront to Olympic Village, tunnel boring was used and from Olympic Village to Marine Drive, cut-and-cover. Both methods resulted in disruptions to traffic along Granville Street and Cambie Street.

Service Information

Service on the Canada Line runs 7 days a week.

Service Frequency

Frequency is estimated and fluctuates based on operational requirements.

Canada Line Logo-a.png Combined Service
(Waterfront to Bridgeport)
Waterfront to YVR–Airport Waterfront to
Richmond–Brighouse
Peak Hours 3 mins. 6 mins. 6 mins.
Midday 3-4 mins. 6-7 mins. 6-7 mins.
Evening 6 mins. 12 mins. 12 mins.
Late Night 10 mins. 20 mins. 20 mins.
Early Saturdays and
Sundays/Holidays
6 mins. 12 mins. 12 mins.
Saturdays and
Sundays/Holidays
4-10 mins. 7-20 mins. 7-20 mins.

First and Last Trains

Canada Line Logo-a.png Waterfront to YVR–Airport Waterfront to
Richmond–Brighouse
YVR–Airport to Waterfront Richmond–Brighouse
to Waterfront
First Train 4:48 a.m. 5:30 a.m. 5:07 a.m. 5:02 a.m.
Last Train 1:05 a.m. 1:15 a.m. 12:56 a.m. 12:46 a.m.

On weekdays, select inbound trips short-turn at Bridgeport Station in the evening. There are three short-turn trips on the YVR–Airport branch and three short-turn trips on the Richmond–Brighouse branch.

Stations

There are 16 stations on the Canada Line. All stations are wheelchair accessible.

Outbound trains are bound for both YVR–Airport and Richmond–Brighouse.

Station Name City Fare Zone YVR Check-In Date Opened Transfers Notes
Waterfront Station

Vancouver

1

No

August 17, 2009

Expo Line Expo Line
SeaBus SeaBus
TransLink West Coast Express bullet-a.png West Coast Express
95 B-Line 95 B-Line
Vancouver City Centre Station Yes Expo Line Expo Line
(at Granville Station)
Yaletown–Roundhouse Station No
Olympic Village Station Yes
Broadway–City Hall Station Yes 99 B-Line 99 B-Line
King Edward Station No
  • Only Canada Line station with stacked platforms
Oakridge–41st Avenue Station No
Langara–49th Avenue Station No
Marine Drive Station Yes
Bridgeport Station Richmond 2 No
Richmond Branch
Aberdeen Station

Richmond

2

No

August 17, 2009

Lansdowne Station No
Richmond-Brighouse Station No
Airport Branch
Templeton Station

Richmond

2
(Airport Zone)
[Note 2]

Yes

August 17, 2009

Sea Island Centre Station No
YVR–Airport Station Yes

Notes

  1. Station opened in 1914 as a CP Rail station. The SeaBus terminal portion of the station opened on June 17, 1977; Expo Line platforms December 11, 1985; West Coast Express platforms on November 1, 1995; Canada Line platforms on August 17, 2009.
  2. Passengers beginning trips from YVR–Airport, Sea Island Centre, and Templeton towards Bridgeport and beyond are required to pay the $5 YVR AddFare and is automatically added onto all Compass Tickets purchased at the three stations and deducted from Compass Card Stored Value. Passengers traveling on Monthly Pass and other passes are not required to pay the AddFare. Travel between the three airport stations are free only if passengers select the "Sea Island Only" Compass Ticket option at ticket machines

Rolling Stock

Rolling stock for this line operates out of Canada Line Operations and Maintenance Centre using Hyundai Rotem EMU TransLink Accessible bullet-b.png.

v·d·e
SkyTrain Logo-a.png
Operations
Lines Canada Line Logo-a.png Expo Line Logo-a.png Millennium Line Logo-a.png Millennium Line Evergreen Extension Logo-b.png
Rolling stock Expo Line 1984 UTDC ICTS Mark IExpo Line 1985 UTDC ICTS Mark IExpo Line 1991 UTDC ICTS Mark IExpo Line 1995 Bombardier ICTS Mark IExpo LineMillennium Line 2001 Bombardier ART Mark IICanada Line 2008 Hyundai Rotem EMUExpo LineMillennium Line 2009 Bombardier ART Mark IIExpo Line 2015 Bombardier Innovia Metro Mark IIIExpo Line 2018 Bombardier Innovia Metro Mark III
Yards Expo LineMillennium Line Operations and Maintenance CentreMillennium Line Coquitlam Maintenance CentreCanada Line Canada Line Operations and Maintenance Centre
Stations
Canada Line Logo-a.png Expo LineSeaBusTransLink West Coast Express bullet-a.png95 B-Line WaterfrontVancouver City CentreYaletown–RoundhouseOlympic Village99 B-Line Broadway–City HallKing EdwardOakridge–41st AvenueLangara–49th AvenueMarine DriveCanada Line BridgeportAberdeenLansdowneRichmond–Brighouse
Airport branch ← Towards Waterfront Canada Line BridgeportTempletonSea Island CentreYVR–Airport
Expo Line Logo-a.png Canada LineSeaBusTransLink West Coast Express bullet-a.png95 B-Line Waterfront95 B-Line BurrardGranvilleStadium–ChinatownMain Street–Science WorldMillennium Line99 B-Line Commercial–BroadwayNanaimo29th AvenueJoyce–CollingwoodPattersonMetrotownRoyal OakEdmonds22nd StreetNew WestminsterExpo Line ColumbiaScott RoadGateway96 B-Line Surrey Central96 B-Line King George
Production Way branch ← Towards Waterfront Expo Line ColumbiaSappertonBraidMillennium Line Lougheed Town CentreMillennium Line Production Way–University
Millennium Line Logo-a.png VCC–ClarkExpo Line99 B-Line Commercial–BroadwayRenfrewRupertGilmoreBrentwood Town CentreHoldomSperling–Burnaby LakeLake City WayExpo Line Production Way–UniversityExpo Line Lougheed Town CentreBurquitlamTransLink West Coast Express bullet-a.png Moody CentreInlet CentreTransLink West Coast Express bullet-a.png Coquitlam CentralLincolnLafarge Lake–Douglas
TransLink
Transit Services

Coast Mountain Bus Company Logo-a.png SkyTrain Logo-a.png SeaBus West Coast Express Branding Logo-a.png West Vancouver Transit HandyDART

Fare Information

Compass CardCash FaresFare StructureUniversal Pass (U-Pass)TransLink West Coast Express bullet-a.png West Coast Express Fares

Plans and Projects

Expo Line Expo Line Fraser Highway ExtensionMillennium Line Millennium Line Broadway ExtensionPattullo Bridge Replacement

Other Divisions

Cycling NetworkRoads and BridgesTransit Police