Siemens–Düwag U2

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Siemens–Düwag U2
Edmonton Transit System 1011-a.jpg
Years of manufacture
  • U1: 1965
  • U2-DC: 1968 to 1990
  • U2a: 1985 to 1991
  • U2-AC: 1988
Number Built

Total: 325+1

  • U1: 2 prototypes plus 1 copy
  • U2-DC: 295
  • U2a - 36
  • U2-AC - 2 prototypes
Length 75.5 feet
Width 8.69 feet
Power Direct current, Alternating current (only built as demonstrators)
Succeeded By
Edmonton Transit System U2 Interior Refurbished-a.jpg

The SiemensDüwag U2 is a six-axle, bi-directional, articulated light rail vehicle. They may be coupled together to form longer trains. The cars were constructed by consortium of Siemens, Wegmann & Co. and Düwag in West Germany.

The U2 was originally designed for Frankfurt's light rail transit system. Based on prototypes known as the U1, a total of 97 U2 cars were built for Frankfurt beginning in 1968.[1] Düwag later successfully bid their U2 design for the city of Edmonton's new light rail system. Edmonton took delivery of their first 14 vehicles in 1977, eventually purchasing a total of 37 vehicles. Further orders for the U2 were placed by the cities of Calgary and San Diego.

From 2010 to 2012, an agency in Argentina acquired 18 U2 cars secondhand from San Diego. They are used to operate a new light rail system between the cities of Mendoza and Maipú.

Models and Variants

U1

The U1 was the prototype of the U2. Two cars were built in 1965; both were withdrawn by 1980 due to their incompatibility with the U2 and U3 class cars. These cars were stored for many years, and eventually scrapped.

A copy of this car, numbered 1001, is now on display at the Frankfurt Transport Museum. It was built using parts salvaged from the unrestorable original cars before their scrapping.

U2-DC

The standard U2, running on direct current.

Top speed of 80 km/h. 295 built between 1968 and 1990, operated in Calgary, Edmonton, Frankfurt, Mendoza, and San Diego.

U2-AC

Runs on alternating current (with the help of an inverter), only built as demonstrators.

Top speed of 88 km/h. 2 built in 1988, operated between 1988 and 1990 in Edmonton, then brought to Calgary where they were eventually adopted into the permanent fleet.

U2a

Street accessible model of the U2. Similar styling to the SD-100 and SD-400, but the mechanics are identical to that of a U2-DC.

Top speed of 80 km/h.

26 built between 1985 and 1991 for the Sacramento Regional Transit System LRT.

U2e

Codename for the refurbished Frankfurt U2h cars, 3 units made before program was cancelled.

U2h

Lower floor height used on the Frankfurt system.

Operators

Argentina Flag of Argentina.png

Canada Flag of Canada.png

  • Calgary Transit - Calgary, AB (83 U2-DC plus 2 U2-AC)
  • Edmonton Transit Service - Edmonton, AB (37 U2-DC, briefly operated 2 U2-AC demonstrators)
  • Government of Alberta (owned the U2-AC demonstrators until 1999) - Province of Alberta

Germany Flag of Germany.png

United States Flag of the United States.png

Preserved Units

Year Thumbnail Serial Original owner Fleet number Model Current owner Notes
1965 Frankfurt U-Bahn 1001 U1 Prototype Frankfurt Transport Museum
  • Actually a replica, built by the museum.
1968 Frankfurt U-Bahn 303 U2h Frankfurt U-Bahn?
1968 Frankfurt U-Bahn 304 U2h Frankfurt U-Bahn?
1968 Frankfurt U-Bahn 305 U2h Frankfurt U-Bahn?
1970 Edmonton Radial Railway Society 601.jpg Hanover Stadtbahn 601 U2a Prototype Hanover Tramways Museum
  • Demonstrated to Vancouver in 1975.
  • Owned by the ERRS between 1987 and 2016.
1979 San Diego Trolley 1001 U2-DC San Diego Trolley
1979 San Diego Trolley 1002 U2-DC San Diego Electric Railway Association
1979 San Diego Trolley 1003 U2-DC Southern California Railway Museum
1979 San Diego Trolley 1008 U2-DC Southern California Railway Museum
1982 San Diego Trolley 1017 U2-DC Western Railway Museum
1982 San Diego Trolley 1018 U2-DC Western Railway Museum
1982 San Diego Trolley 1019 U2-DC Rockhill Trolley Museum
1988 Calgary Transit 2101-a.jpg Calgary Transit 2101 U2-AC Calgary Transit
  • Used as track inspection car.

References

  1. De Leuw, C. &. C. (1976). Light rail transit : State of the art review. United States: