Presidents' Conference Committee Streetcar

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The Presidents' Conference Committee, later known as the Electric Railway Presidents' Conference Committee, or "PCC" streetcar is an early trolley (also streetcar, tram or light-rail) vehicle first manufactured in the United States (and then to Canada and abroad).

History

The PCC type trolley represented a dramatic technological leap forward over earlier wooden trolley cars. The PCC represents the first time a streetcar was built to a standardized plan with standardized interchangeable parts. PCC trolleys were manufactured by the Pullman Car Company and St. Louis Car Company from 1936 until 1951. Much of PCC technology was first developed and tested in Brooklyn during the 1930s.

The PCC was the world's first light rail vehicle. PCCs accelerate and brake 2 to 3 times faster than a modern bus and provide an extremely smooth and comfortable ride, even on badly worn rails.

PCC technology was so revolutionary that by the 1950s almost all remaining trolley systems in the US, Canada, and Mexico (and many in Europe) primarily ran PCC cars. In Prague and other European cities, PCC type cars continue to be the mainstay of their light rail system.

The PCC was designed by the Presidents' Conference Committee (PCC) to address the problem of increasingly traffic-clogged streets and decreasing ridership. The PCC has proven to be one of the most durable and efficient rail vehicles ever manufactured. Even after over a half-century of continuous service, some PCC trolleys continue to provide full-time mass transit service in Philadelphia, Boston, San Francisco and other American cities.

Two main manufacturers in the United States produced these cars; the St. Louis Car Company, and the Pullman-Standard Car Company. An additional manufacturer named Clark Equipment Company, built one streetcar, unique in that it was the only streetcar built utilizing an all aluminum body. This trolley is preserved at the Trolley Museum of New York, and is listed on the New York State Register of Historic Places. Elsewhere, in Canada, various components were manufactured by the St. Louis Car Company, however, the Canadian Car and Foundry (CC&F) assembled the cars at their plant in Montreal, PQ. European manufacturers include Fiat and ČKD Tatra (Českomoravská Kolben-Daněk).

Manufacturers and models

North America

Canadian Car and Foundry (CA)

Clark Equipment Company (US)

  • Aluminum model - Viewed to be lighter than conventional cars. One car produced for Brooklyn.

Pullman-Standard Car Company (US)

  • Model "B" - Pre-cursor to "pre-war" model, constructed in 1934. Demo'd in Chicago on Windsor Park shuttle car line, and then to Brooklyn. Problems with the car included poorly viewed braking, due to braking power being dependent on overhead current.
  • Pre-war
  • Post-war

St. Louis Car Company (US, CA)

  • Pre-war
  • Post-war
  • PCC II

Twin Coach

  • Model "A" - Experimental bus built on streetcar trucks in 1929. Their project ended in 1935.

Europe

Českomoravská Kolben-Daněk (ČKD Tatra) (EU)

  • T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7

Fiat (EU)

This section is incomplete.

La Brugeoise et Nivelles

This section is incomplete.

Australia

Melbourne and Metropiltan Tramways Board (M&MTB)

  • Truck and electrical gear supplied from United States. Only one car produced.

Operators

This list is incomplete.

"Italicized" agencies note dismantled PCC systems or not seen in regular service.

Australia Flag of Australia.png

Belgium Flag of Belgium.png

Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.png

Brazil Flag of Brazil.png

Canada Flag of Canada.png

Czech Republic Flag of the Czech Republic.png

Denmark

Egypt Flag of Egypt.png

France Flag of France.png

Germany Flag of Germany.png

Italy Flag of Italy.png

South Korea Flag of South Korea.png

Former cars of Los Angeles Railway 3007-3008 (1937).

  • Pusan, KR (present-day Busan), in 1962.
  • Seoul, KR, in 1962.

Mexico Flag of Mexico.png

Netherlands Flag of Netherlands.png

Poland Flag of Poland.png

  • Warsaw, PL

Russia Flag of Russia.png

  • Barnaul, RU
  • Grozny, RU
  • Irkutsk, RU
  • Izhevsk, RU
  • Krasnodar, RU
  • Kursk, RU
  • Moscow, RU
  • Nizhny Novgorod, RU
  • Novokuznetsk, RU
  • Oryol, RU
  • Pyatigorsk, RU
  • Rostov-on-Don, RU
  • Samara, RU
  • St. Petersburg, RU
  • Tula, RU
  • Tver, RU
  • Ufa, RU
  • Ulyanovsk, RU
  • Vladikavkaz, RU
  • Volgograd, RU
  • Volzhsky, RU
  • Voronezh, RU

Spain Flag of Spain.png

Sweden Flag of Sweden.png

United States Flag of the United States.png

Pre-War models (1936-1941)

Post-War models (1941-1951)

Museums with PCC cars in their collection

Major orders by North American agencies

This section is incomplete

Canadian Car and Foundry

Note: Canadian (CC&F) cars were provided by St. Louis Car Company bodies and trucks. The final product was assembled in Montreal, PQ.

The class is provided in the table below to separate orders.

Class Fleet numbers Year Agency Notes
A1 4000-4139 1938 Toronto Transportation Commission
A2 4150-4199 1940 Toronto Transportation Commission
A3 4200-4259 1942 Toronto Transportation Commission
A4 4260-4274 1944 Toronto Transportation Commission
A5 4275-4299 1945 Toronto Transportation Commission
A6 4300-4399 1947-1948 Toronto Transportation Commission
A7 4400-4499 1949 Toronto Transportation Commission
A8 4500-4549 1951 Toronto Transportation Commission

Clark Equipment Company

Clark Equipment Co. manufactured many of the trucks used under PCCs, but they only built one complete car.

Order number Fleet numbers Year Agency Notes
1000 1935-1936 Brooklyn and Queens Transit Corporation "Brooklyn-Clark" type car.
  • Only one produced, experimental.

Pullman Standard Car Company

Order number Fleet numbers Year Agency Notes
W6629 3002-3021 1940 Boston Elevated Railway "Tremont" cars.
W6642 5000-5029 Oct., 1940 Pacific Electric Railway Double-ended center-door cars.
W6697 3022-3071
3097-3146
1944 Boston Elevated Railway
W6699 601-625 1945 Dallas Railway and Terminal Company Ordered in 1942, but delayed for three years due to wartime rationing.
  • Dallas-style double-end car.
W6710A 3072-3096 1945 Boston Elevated Railway
W6710B 3147-3196 1945 Boston Elevated Railway
W6710C? 3222-3271 1945-1946 Boston Elevated Railway
W6710D 3197-3221 1945 Boston Elevated Railway
W6750 4207-4223? 1946 Cleveland Transit System
W6820 71-95 1947 Shaker Heights Rapid Transit
W6892 3272-3321 1951 Boston Elevated Railway
W16900 4062-4083 1945 Chicago Surface Lines
W17245 801-848 1947 Birmingham Electric Company
W17310 4206-4381 1946-1948 Chicago Surface Lines

St. Louis Car Company

Order number Fleet numbers Year Agency Notes
1601 7001-7022 1936 Baltimore Transit Company
1602 4002-4051
7002-7034
1936 Chicago Surface Lines "Chicago-Pre-War" type car.
  • "Blue Geese" livery.
  • Stretched version with center and rear doors, unique for Chicago.
1603 100 Apr, 1936 Pittsburgh Railways Company
1604 1000-1099 Jul, 1936 Pittsburgh Railways Company
1605 501-525 1937 San Diego Electric Railway
1606 3001-3060 July, 1937 San Diego Electric Railway
1609 3061-3095 Sept, 1938 Los Angeles Railway
1610 1100-1199 Apr, 1937 Pittsburgh Railways Company
1615 4000-4139 1938 Toronto Transit Commission Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1616 400 1938 BC Electric Railway Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1619 1001-1005 1939 San Francisco Municipal Railway Dubbed "Magic Carpet Ride" cars.
1620 1200-1299 Oct, 1937 Pittsburgh Railways Company
1621 1500-1599 1940 St. Louis Public Service Company
1624 4150-4199 1940 Toronto Transit Commission Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1625 2534-2558? Jan-Feb 1941 Philadelphia Transportation Company
1626 401-403 1940 BC Electric Railway Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1629 4200-4259 1942 Toronto Transit Commission Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1631 1600-1699 1941 St. Louis Public Service Company
1633 1400-1499 May, 1941 Pittsburgh Railways Company
1634 2598-2668 Jun-Jul 1942 Philadelphia Transportation Company
1635 1001-1099 1935 Brooklyn and Queens Transit Corporation 1001 is notable as the first production PCC built.
1637 404-420 1942 BC Electric Railway Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1639 1500-1564 Jun, 1942 Pittsburgh Railways Company 24 degree standard windshield.
1641 3096-3125 Oct-Dec, 1943 Los Angeles Railway
1644 421-436 1943 BC Electric Railway Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1646 1600-1699 Jan, 1944 Pittsburgh Railways Company 24 degree standard windshield.
1648 516-524 1946 Louisville Railway Company
1649 2704-2791 Feb-Apr 1947 Philadelphia Transportation Company
1650 ?728-?797 1946 Kansas City Public Service Company
1652 1565?-? 1946 Pittsburgh Railways Company
1653 300-339 Dec. 1946 Twin City Lines
1655 1700-1799 1946 St. Louis Public Service Company
1656 ?502-?570 1947 Kansas City Public Service Company
1657 4052-4061
7035-7274
1947-1948 Chicago Surface Lines "Green Hornet" livery.
1659 100-101 Oct, 1945 Detroit Street Railway Air-electric model.
1660 340-389 July, 1947 Twin City Lines
1661 102-180 1947 Detroit Street Railway All-electric model.
1662 4372-4410 1948 Chicago Surface Lines "Green Hornet" livery.
1664 3126-3165 Sep-Oct, 1948 Los Angeles Railway
1665 4300-4399 1947-1948 Toronto Transit Commission Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1666 2093-2185 Jul, 1948 Philadelphia Transportation Company
1667 1006-? 1948 San Francisco Municipal Railway
1669 1700-1799 Sep, 1947 Pittsburgh Railways Company
1670 390-439 May, 1949 Twin City Lines
1671 4400-4499 1949 Toronto Transit Commission Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1672 450-457 1949 Illinois Terminal Railroad Company
1673 181-286? 1949 Detroit Street Railway
1674 4500-4549 1950 Toronto Transit Commission Kits, finished by Canadian Car and Foundry.
1675 10##-1040 1951 San Francisco Municipal Railway Unknown number of cars. 1031-1040 part of order.
  • 1040 reported as last domestic streetcar built.

References