Presidents' Conference Committee Streetcar
The Presidents' Conference Committee, later known as the Electric Railway Presidents' Conference Committee, or "PCC" streetcar is an early trolley (also streetcar, tram or light-rail) vehicle first manufactured in the United States (and then to Canada and abroad).
- 1 History
- 2 Manufacturers and models
- 2.1 North America
- 2.2 Europe
- 2.3 Australia
- 3 Operators
- 3.1 Australia
- 3.2 Belgium
- 3.3 Bosnia and Herzegovina
- 3.4 Brazil
- 3.5 Canada
- 3.6 Chile
- 3.7 Czech Republic
- 3.8 Denmark
- 3.9 Egypt
- 3.10 France
- 3.11 Germany
- 3.12 Italy
- 3.13 South Korea
- 3.14 Mexico
- 3.15 Netherlands
- 3.16 Poland
- 3.17 Russia
- 3.18 Spain
- 3.19 Sweden
- 3.20 United States
- 4 Museums or facilities storing PCC cars in their collection
- 5 Major orders by North American agencies
- 6 References
The PCC type trolley represented a dramatic technological leap forward over earlier wooden trolley cars. The PCC represents the first time a streetcar was built to a standardized plan with standardized interchangeable parts. PCC trolleys were manufactured by the Pullman Car Company and St. Louis Car Company from 1936 until 1951. Much of PCC technology was first developed and tested in Brooklyn during the 1930s.
The PCC was the world's first light rail vehicle. PCCs accelerate and brake 2 to 3 times faster than a modern bus and provide an extremely smooth and comfortable ride, even on badly worn rails.
PCC technology was so revolutionary that by the 1950s almost all remaining trolley systems in the US, Canada, and Mexico (and many in Europe) primarily ran PCC cars. In Prague and other European cities, PCC type cars continue to be the mainstay of their light rail system.
The PCC was designed by the Presidents' Conference Committee (PCC) to address the problem of increasingly traffic-clogged streets and decreasing ridership. The PCC has proven to be one of the most durable and efficient rail vehicles ever manufactured. Even after over a half-century of continuous service, some PCC trolleys continue to provide full-time mass transit service in Philadelphia, Boston, San Francisco and other American cities.
Two main manufacturers in the United States produced these cars; the St. Louis Car Company, and the Pullman-Standard Car Company. An additional manufacturer named Clark Equipment Company, built one streetcar, unique in that it was the only streetcar built utilizing an all aluminum body. This trolley is preserved at the Trolley Museum of New York, and is listed on the New York State Register of Historic Places. Elsewhere, in Canada, various components were manufactured by the St. Louis Car Company, however, the Canadian Car and Foundry (CC&F) assembled the cars at their plant in Montreal, PQ. European manufacturers include Fiat and ČKD Tatra (Českomoravská Kolben-Daněk).
Manufacturers and models
- A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A8 (purchased as kits from St. Louis Car Company, and completed by CCF)
- Aluminum model - Viewed to be lighter than conventional cars. One car produced for Brooklyn.
- Model "B" - Pre-cursor to "pre-war" model, constructed in 1934. Demo'd in Chicago on Windsor Park shuttle car line, and then to Brooklyn. Problems with the car included poorly viewed braking, due to braking power being dependent on overhead current.
St. Louis Car Company (US, CA)
- PCC II (Used PCC trucks, however utilized rapid-transit styled bodies for heavy rail application.)
- Model "A" - Experimental bus built on streetcar trucks in 1929. Their project ended in 1935.
Českomoravská Kolben-Daněk (ČKD Tatra) (EU)
- T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7
This section is incomplete.
This section is incomplete.
- Truck and electrical gear supplied from United States. Only one car produced.
This list is incomplete.
"Italicized" agencies note dismantled PCC systems or not seen in regular service.
- Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board (M&MTB) - Melbourne
- Tramwegen Van Antwerpen en Omgeving - Antwerp
- Maatschappij Voor Intercommunaal Vervoer te Antwerpen - Antwerp
- Transport Urbains de L'Agglomeration Bruxelloise - Brussels
- Societe des Transports Intercommunaux de Bruxelles - Brussels
- Societe Nationale des Chemins de fer Vicinaux - Brussels
- BC Electric Railway, Vancouver, BC
- Montreal Tramways Company, Montreal, PQ
- Toronto Transit Commission, Toronto, ON
- Compania Salitrera Anglo-Lautero: non-passenger railway?
- Tramvajová doprava v Brně: Brno, CZ
- Tramvajová doprava v Liberci: Liberec, CZ
- Most and Litvinov, CZ
- Tramvajová doprava v Olomouci: Olomouc, CZ
- Tramvajová doprava v Ostrave: Ostrava, CZ
- Tramvajová doprava v Plzni: Pilsen, CZ
- Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy a.s: Prague, CZ
- Ústí nad Labem, CZ
- Københavns Sporveje - Copenhagen
- Tram Al Ramlh: Alexandria, EG
- Compagnie des Chemins de Fer a Voie Etroite de St. Etienne, Firminy, Rive-de-Giers et Extensions - St. Ettiene
- Dresden, DE
- Hamburger Hochbahn A G - Hamburg, DE
- Leipzig, DE
- Magdeburg, DE
- Azienda Tranviaria e Metropolitana Di Milano - Milan, IT
- Azienda di Tranvie ed Autobus del Comune di Roma - Rome, IT
Former cars of Los Angeles Railway 3007-3008 (1937).
- Pusan, KR (present-day Busan), in 1962.
- Seoul, KR, in 1962.
- H V Gemengo Bedrijf Haagsche Tramweg Maatschappij - The Hague, NL (not PCC, but has PCC techniques used in its manufacture)
- Warsaw, PL
- Barnaul, RU
- Grozny, RU
- Irkutsk, RU
- Izhevsk, RU
- Krasnodar, RU
- Kursk, RU
- Moscow, RU
- Nizhny Novgorod, RU
- Novokuznetsk, RU
- Oryol, RU
- Pyatigorsk, RU
- Rostov-on-Don, RU
- Samara, RU
- St. Petersburg, RU
- Tula, RU
- Tver, RU
- Ufa, RU
- Ulyanovsk, RU
- Vladikavkaz, RU
- Volgograd, RU
- Volzhsky, RU
- Voronezh, RU
- A B Stockholms Sparvagar - Stockholm, SE
Pre-War models (1936-1941)
Post-War models (1941-1951)
- Baltimore Transit Company: Baltimore, MD
- Birmingham Electric Company: Birmingham, AL
- Boston Elevated Railway: Boston, MA
- Brooklyn and Queens Transit Corporation: Brooklyn, NY
- Brooklyn Historic Railway Association: Brooklyn, NY
- Chicago City Railway: Chicago, IL
- Chicago Railways: Chicago, IL
- Chicago Surface Lines: Chicago, IL
- Cincinnati Street Railway: Cincinnati, OH
- Cleveland Transit System: Cleveland, OH
- Dallas Railway and Terminal Company: Dallas, TX
- DC Transit System: Washington, DC
- Detroit Street Railway: Detroit, MI
- El Paso City Lines - National City Lines: El Paso, TX
- Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority: Cleveland, OH
- Johnstown Traction Company: Johnstown, PA
- Kansas City Public Service Company: Kansas City, MO
- Kenosha Area Transit: Kenosha, WI
- Los Angeles Railway - Los Angeles Transit Lines - Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority: Los Angeles, CA
- Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority: Boston, MA
- New Jersey Transit: Newark, NJ
- Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority: Buffalo, NY (owned, but never used in service)
- Pacific Electric Railway: Los Angeles, CA
- Philadelphia Transportation Company: Philadelphia, PA
- Pittsburgh Railways Company: Pittsburgh, PA
- Port Authority of Allegheny County: Pittsburgh, PA
- Public Service Corporation: Newark, NJ
- San Diego Electric Railway: San Diego, CA
- San Francisco Municipal Railway: San Francisco, CA
- Shaker Heights Rapid Transit: Cleveland, OH
- Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority: Philadelphia, PA
- Tandy Center Subway: Fort Worth, TX
- Twin City Rapid Transit Company: Minneapolis, MN
Museums or facilities storing PCC cars in their collection
- Canadian Railway Museum: PQ
- Edmonton Radial Railway Society: Edmonton, AB
- Halton County Radial Railway: Milton, ON
- Toronto Transit Commission: Toronto, ON
- Baltimore Streetcar Museum: Baltimore, MD
- Electric City Trolley Museum: Scranton, PA
- Fox River Trolley Museum: South Elgin, IL
- Michigan Transit Museum: Mt. Clemens, MI
- National Capital Trolley Museum: Colesville, MD
- Orange Empire Railway Museum - Southern California Railway Museum: Perris, CA
- Pennsylvania Trolley Museum: Washington, PA
- Rockhill Trolley Museum: Orbisonia, PA
- Trolley Museum of New York: Kingston, NY
- Vintage Electric Streetcar Company: Windber, PA
Major orders by North American agencies
This section is incomplete
Canadian Car and Foundry
Note: Canadian (CC&F) cars were provided by St. Louis Car Company bodies and trucks. The final product was assembled in Montreal, PQ.
The class is provided in the table below to separate orders.
|A1||4000-4139||1938||Toronto Transportation Commission|
|A2||4150-4199||1940||Toronto Transportation Commission|
|A3||4200-4259||1942||Toronto Transportation Commission|
|A4||4260-4274||1944||Toronto Transportation Commission|
|A5||4275-4299||1945||Toronto Transportation Commission|
|A6||4300-4399||1947-1948||Toronto Transportation Commission|
|A7||4400-4499||1949||Toronto Transportation Commission|
|A8||4500-4549||1951||Toronto Transportation Commission|
Clark Equipment Company
Clark Equipment Co. manufactured many of the trucks used under PCCs, but they only built one complete car.
|Order number||Fleet numbers||Year||Agency||Notes|
|1000||1935-1936||Brooklyn and Queens Transit Corporation||"Brooklyn-Clark" type car.
Pullman Standard Car Company
|Order number||Fleet numbers||Year||Agency||Notes|
|W6629||3002-3021||1940||Boston Elevated Railway||"Tremont" cars.|
|W6642||5000-5029||Oct., 1940||Pacific Electric Railway||Double-ended center-door cars.|
|1944||Boston Elevated Railway|
|W6699||601-625||1945||Dallas Railway and Terminal Company||Ordered in 1942, but delayed for three years due to wartime rationing.
|W6710A||3072-3096||1945||Boston Elevated Railway|
|W6710B||3147-3196||1945||Boston Elevated Railway|
|W6710C?||3222-3271||1945-1946||Boston Elevated Railway|
|W6710D||3197-3221||1945||Boston Elevated Railway|
|W6750||4207-4223?||1946||Cleveland Transit System|
|W6820||71-95||1947||Shaker Heights Rapid Transit|
|W6892||3272-3321||1951||Boston Elevated Railway|
|W16900||4062-4083||1945||Chicago Surface Lines|
|W17245||801-848||1947||Birmingham Electric Company|
|W17310||4206-4381||1946-1948||Chicago Surface Lines|
St. Louis Car Company
See St. Louis Car Company work orders for detailed list.