North American Bus Industries 416

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NABI 416
NABI 416
NABI 416 Front View
Years of manufacture 1986-1987, 1989-2014
Length 40 feet
Width 102 inches
Power/Fuel Diesel, Diesel/LNG Dual-Fuel
NABI 416
NABI 416 Rear View
NABI 416
NABI 416 Front View (2007-2014)

The North American Bus Industries 416 (also known as 40-SFW) was a 40-foot high floor transit bus. The 416 was introduced by Ikarus in 1986. Official production by Ikarus USA started in 1989. Ikarus USA became American Ikarus in 1992 and then North American Bus Industries in 1997. With the completion of New Jersey's order and no other orders, the 416 was discontinued. In March 2014, NABI removed the 416 from their list of offerings.


The 416 is an American derivative of the 415, a standard transit bus produced by Ikarus in Hungary. The 416 most closely resembles the 415, however the 416 is longer and has a different drivetrain configuration. The rear fascia of the 416 has provisions for an HVAC unit or a rear window.

The 416 uses a steel structure that is phosphate coated to protect from corrosion. Wheel housings, stairwells, main electrical compartment and battery compartment are stainless steel. Body panels and access doors are either sheet metal or fiber reinforced polymer. The bus is available with a choice of wide or narrow doors.

In 2007, NABI introduced a redesigned 416 with a sleek curved front. The rectangular headlights were replaced with recessed, round headlights in a bezel that followed the curvature of the A-pillar. Its appearance was similar to the second generation 40-LFW. The rear of the 416 was redesigned to accommodate a high mounted radiator and charge air cooler as specified by New Jersey Transit, which was the only agency to receive the redesigned model.


Length: 40 feet
Width: 102 inches
Roof Height: 118 inches
Wheelbase: 264 inches
Turn Radius: 44 feet
Engine Emissions Availability
Caterpillar 3176 1989 to ?
Caterpillar C9 9.3L, 285 hp EPA 2007 2007 to 2009
Cummins ISL 8.9L, 280 hp EPA 1998, 2004, 2007 1999? to 2010
Cummins ISL9 8.9L, 280 hp EPA 2010 2010 to 2014
Cummins ISM 10.8L, 280 hp EPA 1998, 2004, 2007 1999 to 2010
Cummins L10(E) 10.0L 280 hp 1989 to 1994 (offered, never used)
Cummins L10G 10.0L 280 hp (CNG, LNG[1]) 1991? to 2000? (offered, never used)
Cummins M11(E) 10.8L, 280 hp EPA 1998 1994 to 1999
Detroit Diesel 6V92TA 1989 to 1995
Detroit Diesel 6V92TA PING
(Diesel/LNG Dual-Fuel)
1991 to 1995
Detroit Diesel Series 50 EPA 1998 1994 to 2000
Detroit Diesel Series 50 EGR EPA 2004 2000 to 2004
Detroit Diesel Series 50G (CNG, LNG[1]) 1994 to 2005 (offered, never used)
Transmission Availability
Allison B400R 1994 to 2014
Allison HT(B)-748 1989 to 1995
Voith D863.2 1989 to 1993 (offered, never used)
ZF 4/5HP590 1989 to 2001
ZF 5/6HP592C 2001 to 2007
ZF 5/6HP594C 2007 to 2010
ZF 5/6HP604C 2007 to 2010
ZF 6AP1400B 2010 to 2014
Thermo King



Hungary Flag of Hungary.png

  • Balatonfüredi Volán - Balatonfüred (416.K2 Demonstrator only)
  • Balaton Volán - Veszprém (416.K2 Demonstrator only)

United States Flag of the United States.png

Original Operators

Second-Hand Operators

Demonstrator/Engineering Units

Thumbnail Build
VIN Engine Transmission Notes
1986 416.K1.001.86? Detroit Diesel 6V92TA Allison HTB-748
  • Prototype built by Ikarus, 416.K1
  • It was spotted demonstrating in Budapest, Hungary in October 1986. It used a temporary license plate, 2631.[2][3]
  • It was later painted into the Blue stripe demo livery[4][5][6]
  • It was used as a parts bus within the Ikarus factory by 1990 and was eventually scrapped.
  • (VIN needs confirmation)
Ikarus 416 & 436 Prototypes-a.jpg
Ikarus 416 & 436 Prototypes-b.jpg
1987 416.K2.001.87 Detroit Diesel 6V92TA Allison HTB-748
  • Prototype built by Ikarus, 416.K2
  • Red stripe demo livery[7][8][9]
  • Displayed at the triannual APTA Expo at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, CA in October 1987.[10]
  • Demoed as BX-2582 at Balaton Volán (Veszprém county/Lake Balaton (Balatonnál)) in Hungary in October 1989 to early 1990.[11][10]
  • Demoed as AAR-561 at Balatonfüredi Volán in Balatonfüred, Hungary in December 1990.[12]
  • Its disposition remains unknown
San Diego Metropolitan Transit System 208-a.jpg 1989 1H9416010KA155020 Detroit Diesel 6V92TA Allison HTB-748
  • Built by Ikarus USA, 416.01.
  • Altoona test bus from March 1990 to July 1990.
  • To San Diego MTS 208.
1991 1H9416023MA155217 Detroit Diesel 6V92TA PING Allison HTB-748
  • Built by Ikarus USA, 416.03, (416.02 in the VIN Code).
  • Diesel/LNG Dual-Fuel.
  • Altoona test bus from May 26, 1992 to October 16, 1992.
  • To Houston METRO 2579.
NABI 416 Demo American Ikarus 416 Serial TA288279-a.jpg
NABI 416 Demo American Ikarus 416 Serial TA288279-b.jpg
1996 1A9416081TA288279 Detroit Diesel Series 50 Allison B400R
  • Built by American Ikarus, 416.08.
  • Originally demonstrated as 5001 for SEPTA, but was rejected.[13] An Alabama registration was noted on 12/23/1996.
  • It became the general NABI 416 demonstration bus.[14] It demoed at multiple transit agencies, notably AC Transit in 1996.
  • It later wore a purple and red NABI livery when it demoed in Baltimore, MD in 2001.[15]
  • It eventually was eventually bought by Fleetwood as a shuttle at Shades of Green Resort in Bay Lake, FL. Its title was issued before 4/9/2004 (Shades of Green on Walt Disney) & 6/17/2004 (Fleetwood). (Lic. Plate: J79 PZG) It was last spotted operating in 2009. Its registration expired on 12/31/2009.[16]

Preserved Coaches

Thumbnail VIN Original Owner Fleet
Current Owner
7/1997 1N9416095VA140062 Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District 2962 Private owner
1997 1N9416104VA140019 Maryland Transit Administration 9719 Private owner/DMV Mass Transit Museum
8/1999 San Francisco MUNI 8008-a.jpg 1N9416122XA140332 San Francisco MUNI 8008 D.F. Baker
9/1999 San Francisco MUNI 8032-a.jpg 1N9416125XA140356 San Francisco MUNI 8032 Private owner
9/1999 San Francisco MUNI 8042-a.jpg 1N9416128XA140366 San Francisco MUNI 8042 Private owner

External Links


NABI - a brand of New Flyer Industries
(all models discontinued as of 2015)
High Floor 416436
Low Floor (LFW) 30-LFN31-LFW35-LFW40-LFW60-LFW
Low Floor (BRT) 37-BRT42-BRT60-BRT65-BRT
Low Floor (Composite) 30C-LF40C-LFWMetro 45C (45C-LFW)