New Flyer Industries XE40

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New Flyer XE40
Toronto Transit Commission 3720-a.jpg
Years of manufacture 2012 to present
Length 40 feet
Width 102 inches
Height 126 inches
Weight 31,000 lbs
Seating capacity 42 max
Propulsion Battery-electric
Metropolitan Transportation Authority 0015-a.jpg

The New Flyer Industries XE40 is a battery-electric transit bus from New Flyer's Xcelsior line. On a full charge, the bus has a range of up to 415 kilometres (258 miles).[1] The XE40 can be charged enroute with an OppCharge-compliant rapid charger or for extended down periods with a Combined Charging System plug-in charger. Both systems are supplied by Siemens.[2]


The XE40 was developed with the co-operation of the province of Manitoba, Manitoba Hydro, Red River College, New Flyer Industries, and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The $3 million project was announced in December 2010 with the provincial government investing $1 million.[3][4] By January 2012, a prototype vehicle was being completed using a former XDE40 demonstrator bus. The prototype made its public debut at the Manitoba Legislative Building on June 1, 2012 and went on trial in Winnipeg.[5]

The prototype bus used eight 15 kilowatt-hour (120 kilowatt-hour total) lithium ion battery module from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries located in the rear. The batteries could use overnight slow charging at the garage or enroute overhead charging. Supplied by Eaton, the overhead rapid-charger, featured two modules with a maximum output of approximately 200 kW each to a conductive rail. A pantograph located on the roof of the bus would make contact with the rail to recharge the bus.[6]

In June 2012, the Chicago Transit Authority placed an order for two XE40 buses as a trial funded by the Federal Government's Transit Investments for Greenhouse Gas and Energy Reduction program and Clean Fuels Grant program.[7] Funding announced by Sustainable Development Technology Canada in October 2012 would allow for a trial of four XE40 buses with Winnipeg Transit.[8] Chicago's buses entered service in October 2014,[9] and Winnipeg's buses entered service at the end of November 2014.[10]

While the first two buses for Winnipeg used Mitsubishi batteries with a 180 kilowatt-hour capacity, the last two used batteries from XALT Energy with a 200 kilowatt-hour capacity.[11] Mitsubishi had decided to exit the battery sector in 2014. The buses for Chicago also used XALT batteries, but with a 300 kilowatt-hour capacity.[12] In Winnipeg, the buses are mainly charged by an enroute overhead charger. Like the XE40 prototype, a pantograph on the bus is raised to make contact with electrified rails. In Chicago, the buses use plug-in slow charging only. It takes three to five hours to fully charge the bus.[13]

At the 2017 American Public Transportation Association Expo in Atlanta, Georgia, New Flyer introduced their next-generation of battery-electric transit bus. New battery options allowed for a greater operating range. Working to new industry standards, new charging infrastructure allowed for complete interoperability.[14] An overhead enroute charger supplied by Siemens has a pantograph that is lowered to meet conductive rails on the bus's roof. On a full charge, the bus has a range of up to 360 kilometres (225 miles).[15]

A new generation of electric Xcelsior buses was launched in early 2021. With higher capacity batteries and improved packaging, the XE40 CHARGE NG has a range of up to 251 miles (using a 525 kilowatt hour battery). With 350 kilowatt hour battery and 440 kilowatt hour battery, the bus has a range of up to 174 and 213 miles, respectively. The CHARGE NG also uses Siemens ELFA 3 traction system.[1] By 2023, New Flyer had revised their battery capacity and range estimates. With a 345 kilowatt hour battery, the XE40 CHARGE NG has a range of 178 miles. With a 435 kilowatt hour battery, it has a range of 221 miles. With a 520 kilowatt hour battery, it has a range of 258 miles.[16]



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Demonstrator and engineering units

Below is a list of known demonstrator and engineering buses.

Fleet number Thumbnail Year VIN Motor Notes
SR1321 New Flyer Industries SR1321-a.jpg April 2009 2FYH8FV049A035253
  • Originally an XDE40 demonstrator
  • Equipped with Luminator Horizon destination sign, Xcelsior logo badges by front wheels, 4ONE Mx passenger seats
  • Later received Kiel Ideo seats
  • Converted to battery-electric power in early 2012
SR1723 November 2013 2FYB8FJ09DC043308
  • Formerly in pink Xcelsior Charge livery
  • Displayed at 2014 APTA Expo
  • Had a trial with St. Albert Transit March 2015
  • On trial with Coast Mountain Bus Company for first week of April 2015
  • On trial with Metro Transit (Minnesota) end of April 2015
  • On trial with Oakville Transit November 2015
  • Displayed at the 2015 CUTA Trans-Expo
  • On trial with Edmonton Transit System Winter 2016
  • Displayed at OTE 2016
  • Named Kevin in December 2018
  • Converted into the XE40 CHARGE AV (Autonomous Vehicle) demo, received a new livery
  • Displayed at 2021 APTA Expo in Orlando, FL
SR1923 New Flyer Industries SR1923-a.jpg April 2015 5FYB8FJ01FC047418
June 2017 5FYB8FJ08HB051944
  • 4ONE Gemini seats
  • All-LED headlights
  • In green Xcelsior Charge livery
  • Displayed at Calstart in California on October 25, 2017
  • Named Ivy in 2018
  • Tested at Altoona December 3, 2019-July 20, 2021
September 2019 5FYB8FJ09LC073468 Tested at Altoona April 13, 2022-March 30, 2023


  1. 1.0 1.1 New Flyer Xcelsior CHARGE NG brochure. New Flyer Industries, October 2021.
  2. How it works. New Flyer Industries.
  3. Owen, Bruce Province says electric vehicle projects in the works. 9 April 2011. Winnipeg Free Press (Winnipeg). Retrieved on 2011-01-10
  4. Manitoba puts up cash for all-electric bus. 26 April 2011. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Toronto). Retrieved on 2011-01-10
  5. Selinger calls electric transit bus the future of public transport (01 June 2012). Winnipeg Free Press (Winnipeg). Retrieved on 01 June 2012.
  6. Electric Transit Bus in Manitoba - Prototype Electric Transit Bus Development and Demonstration Final Report. Research Partnerships & Innovation Red River College, June 2017.
  7. "New Flyer Announces its First Order for All-Electric Transit Buses from the Chicago Transit Authority." New Flyer Industries, 21 June 2012.
  8. "New Flyer Awarded $3.4 Million from Sustainable Development Technology Canada to Further Advance Battery-Electric Bus Technology." New Flyer Industries, 26 October 2012.
  9. "New Flyer Xcelsior® XE40 Battery-Electric Bus Enters Transit Service With The Chicago Transit Authority." New Flyer Industries, 30 October 2014.
  10. Electric Bus Demonstration: New Flyer Battery-electric buses enter into service with Winnipeg Transit (Date Unknown). "Winnipeg Transit (Winnipeg). Retrieved on 25 September 2019.
  11. Hoemsen, Ray. [ "Manitoba Battery Electric Transit Bus Fleet Development & Demonstration." Red River College, 27 October 2015.
  12. "New Flyer Xcelsior® XE40 Battery-Electric Bus Enters Transit Service With The Chicago Transit Authority." New Flyer Industries, 30 October 2014.
  13. Electric Buses. Chicago Transit Authority.
  14. New Flyer Xcelsior CHARGE brochure. New Flyer Industries, October 2017.
  15. New Flyer Xcelsior CHARGE brochure. New Flyer Industries, June 2019.
  16. New Flyer Xcelsior CHARGE brochure. New Flyer Industries. October 2023.
New Flyer Industries
Current Models

Battery-Electric: 35ft: XE35 - 40ft: XE40 - 60ft: XE60
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG): 35ft: XN35 - 40ft: XN40 - 60ft: XN60
Diesel: 35ft: XD35 - 40ft: XD40 - 60ft: XD60
Diesel-Electric Hybrid: 35ft: XDE35 - 40ft: XDE40 - 60ft: XDE60
Electric Trolleybus: 40ft: XT40 - 60ft: XT60
Hydrogen Fuel Cell: 40ft: XHE40 - 60ft: XHE60

Past Models

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG): 30ft: C30LF - C30LFR - 35ft: C35LF - C35LFR - 40ft: C40 - C40LF - C40LFR
Diesel: 30ft: D30LF - MD30 - 35ft: D35 - D35LF - D35LFR - MD35 - 40ft: D40 - D40LF - D40LFA - D40LFR - D40S - D40i - 45ft: D45S - 60ft: D60 - D60LF - D60LFA - D60LFR
Diesel-Electric Hybrid: 30ft: DE30LFR - 35ft: DE35LF - DE35LFA - DE35LFR - 40ft: DE40LF - DE40LFA - DE40LFR - DE40i - 60ft: DE60LF - DE60LFA - DE60LFR
Electric Trolleybus: 40ft: E40LF - E40LFR - 60ft: E60 - E60LFR
Gasoline-Electric Hybrid: 35ft: GE35LFR - 40ft: GE40LF - GE40LFA - GE40LFR
Hydrogen-Electric Hybrid: 40ft: HE40LF
Hydrogen Fuel Cell: 40ft: F40LF/H40LF - H40LFR
Liquified Natural Gas (LNG): 30ft: L30LF - 35ft: L35LF - 40ft: L40 - L40LF - L40LFR

Platform Invero - Low Floor - MiDi - Xcelsior