New Flyer Industries

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New Flyer Industries
New Flyer Industries logo.PNG
Company Type Public (TMX:NFI.UN)
(Grey Market: NFYEF)
Foundation 1930 (as Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd)
1986 (current)
Founder John Coval (original)
Jan den Oudsten (current)
Location Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Area Served Canada, United States
Industry Bus manufacturing
Products Transit buses

New Flyer Industries is a North American bus manufacturer headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd.[1] was founded by John Coval in 1930. In 1948, the company's name became Western Flyer Coach with the name a references to the model name of their first complete bus built. With the intercity coach market too competitive for small companies the company further focused on the urban transit bus market in the 1960s. Western Flyer delivered its last intercity coach in 1968, and produced a prototype transit bus in 1967. The company name changed to Flyer Industries Limited in 1971 when the Manitoba Development Corporation saved the company from financial troubles.[1]

On July 15, 1986, under the leadership of Jan den Oudsten, Den Oudsten Bussen purchased Flyer Industries from the Manitoba Development Corporation,[1] forming New Flyer Industries Limited, and den Oudsten became CEO. Through Den Oudsten ownership, New Flyer introduced North America's first low-floor bus, the D40LF, in the late 1980s. The first production models went to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 1991.

Mr. Den Oudsten owned virtually the entirety of New Flyer. With a Detroit Department of Transportation order having fallen on unforeseen payment delays it was left to the bankers to carry the company until it was on its feet again or face a possible bankruptcy. As a result and to reduce the amount of risk involved, Jan den Oudsten agreed to sell his majority non-controlling share to KPS Special Situations Fund in March 2002.[2]

In December, 2003, New Flyer announced that Harvest Partners, Inc., a New York-based leading private equity firm specializing in middle market investments, had entered into definitive agreements to acquire New Flyer Industries Limited, from KPS Special Situations Fund. Lightyear Capital, LLC, a New York-based private equity firm joined Harvest in the acquisition.[2] The deal saw president and Chief Executive Officer John Marinucci remain in his position, which he took over from Jan den Oudsten in 2002.

In October 2003, Coast Mountain Bus Company awarded New Flyer a contract to build Canada's first low floor electric trolleybuses.[3] The order comprised of 228 low floor buses; 40 articulated 60 foot and 188 40 foot trolley buses. This was also the debut for the redesigned front and rear ends for their low floor bus line.

In 2007, New Flyer was named one of Canada's Top 100 Employers for the third consecutive year.[4] The survey conducted was conducted by Mediacorp Canada Inc., publisher of Mclean's Magazine. New Flyer would again make the list in 2008, and later be named by Mediacorp Canada as one of Canada's most earth friendly employers.[5] New Flyer was recognized for actively embracing pollution prevention and waste reduction through such things as reducing volatile organic compunds and efficient use of materials.

In late March 2010, New Flyer announced they had interest in exporting overseas.[6]

New Flyer announced in May 2011 that they have entered into an agreement with Girardin Minibus where they will be the exclusive distributor of New Flyer buses in Quebec.[7] The first Quebec order under this agreement was for the CIT de Sorel-Varennes with up to 27 Xcelsior buses. They were delivered in the fourth quarter of 2011, and entered service in January 2012.

In April 2013, New Flyer introduced the MiDi medium-duty bus, based on a design by Alexander Dennis.[8] On June 21, 2013, New Flyer agreed to buy out rival North American Bus Industries.[9]

On November 10, 2015, the company purchased highway coach giant Motor Coach Industries for $455 Million USD from an affiliate of KPS Capital Partners, L.P. [10]

On May 10, 2017 New Flyer and Alexander Dennis Agree to Transition MiDi Bus to North American-Based Alexander Dennis Inc. Manufacture, sales, marketing and aftermarket parts sales will be transitioned to ADI with the full support of New Flyer. 200 buses were built and delivered to 22 operators during the 4 years with some of the last buses delivered to SEPTA [11]

With the discontinuation of New Flyer branded MiDi, New Flyer now exclusively produced its Xcelsior product.

In December 2017, the company purchased small and mid-sized bus manufacturer ARBOC Specialty Vehicles for $95 Million USD.[12]

Production facilities


  • Crookston, MN (214 5th Ave. SW, Crookston, MN) - opened in March 1996, first US assembly plant.
  • St. Cloud, MN (6200 Glenn Carlson Dr., St. Cloud, MN)- opened in 1999, second US assembly plant.
  • Anniston, AL (106 National Drive, Anniston, AL)- former NABI plant, acquired by NFI in 2015 as third US assembly plant.
  • Winnipeg, MB (711 Kernaghan Ave., Winnipeg, MB) - headquarters and Canadian assembly plant.


  • Woerden, Netherlands (Utrechtsestraatweg 112A, 3445 AX Woerden, Netherlands) - headquarters and assembly plant of former parent Den Oudsten Bussen; produced D35LF, D40LF and D45S buses in the late 1990s.[13]

Bus models breakdown

New Flyer buses are represented by a code, which is usually composed of a prefix, a number, and finally a suffix.

The fuel/propulsion type is represented by the prefix, however for the Xcelsior model, the letter X is placed before the fuel/propulsion prefix.

C - Compressed natural gas (all models except Xcelsior)
D - Diesel
E - Electric trolleybus (all models except Xcelsior) OR battery electric (Xcelsior only)
F - Fuel cell
G - Gasoline
H - Hydrogen or hybrid hydrogen fuel cell
- Originally signified diesel-electric hybrid
L - Liquefied natural gas
N - Compressed natural gas (Xcelsior only)
T - Electric trolleybus (Xcelsior only)
_E - Hybrid-electric propulsion setup, with first letter representing fuel

The number indicates the length of the bus in feet.


The bus type or model is signified with the suffix. For the Xcelsior which, as stated above, is signified by the letter X before the fuel/propulsion letter(s), the "LF" sufix is omitted.

HF - High floor.
-Introduced later after introduction of low floor models.
i - Invero model
LF - Low Floor units with the original front and rear ends
LFA (formerly LF BRT) - Low floor units with BRT styling
LFR - Low floor units with restyled front and rear ends
S - Suburban transit coach

Frameless passenger windows are also an option, but is not represented in the name of the bus.




Diesel-electric Hybrid

Natural Gas

Electric trolleybus (ETB)

Battery electric

Since 2017, the battery electric Xcelsiors have been marketed under the Xcelsior CHARGE nameplate.

Fuel Cell


Diesel high floor

Diesel low floor

Hybrid low floor

Fuel cell low floor

  • F40LF Hydrogen Fuel Cell Test Buses (1996)
  • H40LFR (2008 to 2013)

Natural gas high floor

  • C40 (1994 to 1999)
  • L40 (1994 to 1999)

Natural gas low floor

Electric trolleybus (ETB)

Not built

Diesel low floor

Hybrid low floor

Natural gas low floor


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Flyer, New Flyer and AMG transit buses. Retrieved on 10 September 2009
  2. 2.0 2.1 Harvest Partners to Acquire New Flyer Industries (Press release). New Flyer Industries. 15 December 2003. Retrieved on 09 September 2009.
  3. Translink Renews Trolley Bus Fleet with New Flyer (Press release). New Flyer Industries. 31 October 2003. Retrieved on 09 October 2009.
  4. New Flyer Named to Top 100 Employers in Canada for Third Consecutive Year (Press release). New Flyer Industries. 10 October 2007. Retrieved on 09 October 2009.
  5. New Flyer Named One of Canada's Most Earth-Friendly Employers for 2008 (Press release). New Flyer Industries. 24 April 2008. Retrieved on 09 October 2009.
  6. Cash, martin (25 March 2010). New Flyer eyes overseas markets. Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved on 31 March 2010.
  7. New Flyer Appoints Girardin to sell and support heavy-duty transit buses in Quebec (Press release). New Flyer Industries. 03 May 2011. Retrieved on 23 June 2011.
  8. [ Introducing the New Flyer MiDi™] Retrieved on April 5, 2013
  11. New Flyer and Alexander Dennis Agree to Transition MiDi® Bus to North American-Based Alexander Dennis Inc.,, retrieved 10-5-2017
  12. New Flyer acquires ARBOC Specialty Vehicles,, retrieved 3-12-2017

External links

New Flyer Industries
Current Models

Battery-Electric: 35ft: XE35 - 40ft: XE40 - 60ft: XE60
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG): 35ft: XN35 - 40ft: XN40 - 60ft: XN60
Diesel: 35ft: XD35 - 40ft: XD40 - 60ft: XD60
Diesel-Electric Hybrid: 35ft: XDE35 - 40ft: XDE40 - 60ft: XDE60
Electric Trolleybus: 40ft: XT40 - 60ft: XT60
Hydrogen Fuel Cell: 40ft: XHE40 - 60ft: XHE60

Past Models

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG): 30ft: C30LF - C30LFR - 35ft: C35LF - C35LFR - 40ft: C40 - C40LF - C40LFR
Diesel: 30ft: D30LF - MD30 - 35ft: D35 - D35LF - D35LFR - MD35 - 40ft: D40 - D40LF - D40LFA - D40LFR - D40S - D40i - 45ft: D45S - 60ft: D60 - D60LF - D60LFA - D60LFR
Diesel-Electric Hybrid: 30ft: DE30LFR - 35ft: DE35LF - DE35LFA - DE35LFR - 40ft: DE40LF - DE40LFA - DE40LFR - DE40i - 60ft: DE60LF - DE60LFA - DE60LFR
Electric Trolleybus: 40ft: E40LF - E40LFR - 60ft: E60 - E60LFR
Gasoline-Electric Hybrid: 35ft: GE35LFR - 40ft: GE40LF - GE40LFA - GE40LFR
Hydrogen Fuel Cell: 40ft: F40LF/H40LF- HE40LF - H40LFR
Liquified Natural Gas (LNG): 30ft: L30LF - 35ft: L35LF - 40ft: L40 - L40LF - L40LFR

Platform Invero - Low Floor - MiDi - Xcelsior
Transit Buses
Types Articulated Bus · Bus Rapid Transit · Double Decker Bus · Low Floor Bus · Highway Coach · Shuttle Bus · Trolley Bus
Fuel Compressed Natural Gas · Diesel · Diesel-Electric Hybrid · Gasoline · Hydrogen Fuel Cell · Liquified Natural Gas
Manufacturers Alexander Dennis · Blue Bird · BYD Auto · Commercial Truck Equipment Co. · ElDorado National · Environmental Performance Vehicles · Ford · Gillig · IC Bus · Motor Coach Industries · New Flyer Industries · North American Bus Industries · Nova Bus · Optima Bus · Orion International · Prevost Car · Proterra · Setra · Stewart & Stevenson · Thomas Built Buses · Van Hool
VIN Pages Alexander Dennis · American Ikarus · Blue Bird · BYD Auto · Champion · Designline · Eagle · Ebus · ElDorado National · Environmental Performance Vehicles · Flxible · Flyer Industries · Ford · General Motors · Gillig · IC Bus · Ikarus USA · Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg · Millennium Transit Services · Motor Coach Industries · New Flyer Industries · Neoplan USA · North American Bus Industries · Nova Bus · Optima Bus · Orion Bus Industries · Prevost Car · Proterra · Setra · Stewart & Stevenson · TEMSA · Thomas Built Buses · Transportation Manufacturing Corporation · TransBus International · Van Hool