Hagerstown and Frederick Railway

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The Hagerstown and Frederick Railway (H&F) was a passenger and freight trolley service that served Hagerstown and Frederick in the state of Maryland. Five branches also operated off of the main line to connect other nearby communities. It operated from the year 1913, ending passenger service (in Thurmont) in 1954, then freight service in 1958.

History

This section is incomplete.

Timeline

  • 1896: Frederick and Middletown Railway began construction, opening August 22 between Frederick and Braddock Heights. Service to Middletown commenced in October. Additionally, The Hagerstown Railway begun operation of an urban loop within Hagerstown, with crossing lines on Washington Street and South Potomac Street, and a branch to nearby Williamsport.
  • 1897: Hagerstown Railway extends to Funkstown via Potomac Street
  • 1898: Extension to Myersville built, creating the Myersville & Catoctin Railway.
  • 1901: Hagerstown Railway began work on an extension east to Wagner's Crossroads (later Boonsboro Junction) and from there south to Boonsboro itself. This section was completed in 1902, with work beginnning immediately on the connection from Wagner's Crossroads to Myersville.
  • 1904: The Hagerstown Railway built a connection from Boonsboro to Myersville, creating an interurban line. This allowed through-service to Frederick from Boonsboro.
  • 1905: On Hagerstown Railway, a new line was started, running north from Hagerstown to Shady Grove, Pennsylvania. This permitted a connection to the Chambersburg, Greencastle and Waynesboro Street Railway. Passengers could then take the CG&W on to the mountaintop resorts of Blue Ridge Summit. Service never combined due to track gauge incompatibility.
  • 1906: The Jefferson Branch opens, operating alongside Jefferson Boulevard.
  • 1909: The Washington, Frederick & Gettysburg Railroad was purchased by the Frederick and Middletown Railway, which ran from Frederick to Thurmont. It was incorporated into the F&M in 1909, also renaming the F&M as the Frederick Railroad. During the next two years the network in Frederick was expanded and its facilities improved, with lines on Fifth Street, South Street and Market Street.
  • 1911: The Hagerstown Railway and Frederick Railway merge, creating the Hagerstown and Frederick Railway.
  • 1923: Name changed to Potomac Edison Company (December 31)
  • 1954: The last passenger service ends, in Thurmont.
  • 1958: Freight service ends, effectively closing down the H&F.

Lines

[1]

Frederick - Hagerstown
  • Frederick, connection to Frederick network and Thurmont Line, B&O, PRR
  • Hargett's
  • Fulmer's
  • Kauffman's
  • Braddock Junction, connection to Jefferson Branch
  • Middletown
  • Myersville
  • Mount Lena (aka: Smoketown)
  • Boonsboro Junction, connection to Boonsboro Branch
  • Funkstown
  • Hagerstown, connection to Hagerstown network, Williamsport branch and Shady Grove Line, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O), Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and Western Maryland Railway (WM)
Thurmont Line
  • Frederick
  • Montevue
  • Yellow Springs
  • Bethel/Charlesville Station
  • Lakeview (Early)
  • Lewistown
  • Catoctin Furnace
  • Thurmont, connection to WM
Shady Grove Line
Williamsport Branch
  • Hagerstown
  • Halfway
  • Williamsport
Boonsboro Branch
  • Boonsboro Junction
  • Mapleville
  • Boonsboro
Jefferson Branch
  • Braddock Junction
  • Braddock Heights (Beachley's Store)
  • Dean's
  • Jefferson

Equipment

[2] [3] [4]

This section is incomplete.

Livery

The livery of fleet #150 was a green lower body, with cream/ivory upper body. A dark red (possibly maroon) frame painting around the windows, with same colored doors, and black roof wraps up the livery. See here for example.

Roster

Fleet number(s) Thumbnail Year Manufacturer Model Motors Notes
(1 car) 1896? Jackson and Sharp Order number 897
1 1900 Southern 4 WH-577W8
2 1911 Baldwin 2 WH-308B2 Locomotive switcher.
3-4 1914 Baldwin 2 GE-55H Locomotive switcher.
5 1920 H&FR 4 WH-547A6
6 1911 Brill
7 4 WH-101B2 Snow plow car.
8 1902 Hagerstown Rwy 4 GE-88B Line car.
9 1918 W&OD 4 WH-93A2 Ex-Washington and Old Dominion Railway 26.
10 Baldwin ? WH ???? Locomotive switcher.
12 1917 GE Locomotive switcher.
15 1917 CG&W 2 WH-68 Line car.
35 1920? Brill Pass/Bagg. Standard 0-50
48 1926 Brill 4 GE-264
49
50 n/a Tanker car.
60 1914 Brill Nearside Taylor Order number 19499.
61-62 1914 Brill Nearside Taylor Order number 19501.
63 1915 Brill Nearside Taylor
61-63 (2nd) 1917 Brill Nearside Replacements for 1st 61-63.
  • Disposition of 1st 61-62, and 63 unknown, possibly unknown fire?
64-65 1912 Brill Nearside Order number 18695.
70 1926 Brill Birney
Type "H"
Order number 22456.
150 1918 Southern
151
160 1909 Cincinnati
164 1910 Brill 4 WH-306
167-168 1915 Brill 4 WH-101B2
168-170 1917 Brill Pass/Bagg. 4 WH-101B2 (168)

4 GE-201H (169)


4 GE-201A (170)

Fleet 168 is 2nd 168, replacing 1st, unknown disposition of first, possibly fire?
171 1919 Brill 4 GE-201A
172 1921 Brill 4 WH-101B2
202 n/a Flat car.

Related subsidiaries

The H&F owned and operated two trolley amusement parks; Braddock Heights Park and Electric Park. Trolley parks were popular with riders, due to convenient, direct service into the park during summer months. In pre-air conditioning days, mountaintop parks like Braddock Heights Park were popular summer getaways where city dwellers could entertain themselves and breathe cool mountain air. Electric Park in Funkstown had to rely on Antietam Creek for coolness, but served much the same function.[5]

Further reading

Print

  • Blue Ridge Trolley: the Hagerstown & Frederick Railway, Herbert H. Harwood Jr., Golden West Books, 1970. ISBN-13: 9780870950346

External links

References

  1. Wikipedia, Hagerstown and Frederick Railway, accessed April 15, 2018.
  2. Don Ross Group, Hagerstown and Frederick Railway, accessed April 15, 2018.
  3. Hagerstown and Frederick Railway Historical Society (old site), Roster, accessed April 15, 2018.
  4. Author Unknown, A Day on the H&F, accessed April 16, 2018.
  5. Hagerstown and Frederick Railway Historical Society (old site), History - Trolley Parks, accessed April 18, 2018.