Canadian Car and Foundry

From CPTDB Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Canadian Car and Foundry Brill logo plate.

Canadian Car and Foundry (CC&F) also known as "Can Car," manufactured bus, railroad rolling stock and later aircraft for the Canadian market. CC&F history goes back to 1897, but the main company was established in 1909 from an amalgamation of several companies and later became part of Hawker Siddeley Canada through the purchase of A.V.Roe (Avro) Canada in the late 1950s.


Canada Car & Foundry (CC&F) was established in 1909 in Montreal as the result of an amalgamation of three other companies: Rhodes Curry Company of Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada Car Company of Turcot, Quebec and Dominion Car and Foundry of Montreal, Quebec.

In 1911 the CC&F Board of Directors recognized that the company could improve its efficiency if they were able to produce their own steel castings, a component that was becoming common to all their products. They purchased Montreal Steel Works at Longue Pointe, Quebec, the largest producer of steel castings in Canada, and the Ontario Iron and Steel at Welland, Ontario, which included both a steel foundry and a rolling mill.

A few years later, CC&F acquired the assets of Pratt and Letchworth, a Brantford, Ontario, rail car manufacturer. In the latter part of World War I the expanding company opened a new plant in Fort William (now Thunder Bay) to manufacture rail cars.

The Second World War

By 1939, with war on the horizon, Canada Car & Foundry and its Chief Engineer, Elsie MacGill, were contracted by the RAF to produce aircraft.

Postwar developments

After the Second World War, the CC&F returned to its roots as a rail car manufacturer. They also made a successful leap into the streetcar business, supplying various types of streetcars to Montreal, Toronto, Regina, Calgary, Vancouver and the Brazilian cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. Originally, the company's products were mostly from J.G. Brill and Company's roster, although later they would build PCC streetcars under licence. Buses were produced at Fort William, Ontario (later Thunder Bay) and railcars at both Fort William and Montreal.

As well as supplying the vast majority of the TTC's new PCCs starting in 1938, they were also involved in CN's massive 1952 new passenger car order, including supplying over 200 new EM85 coaches in 1954 and 1955.

In 1957, wishing to diversify, the British Hawker Siddeley Group, through its Canadian subsidiary A.V.Roe (Avro) Canada, acquired CC&F. In 1962, Avro Canada was dissolved and its assets became part of Hawker Siddeley Canada.

Bus Models

Type D - ## A
InterCity (highway)
InterUrban Coach (suburban)
Transit Diesel ("new looks")
if present
- nominal
if present

Serial numbers

CC&F had a unified serial numbering scheme:

Series Model(s) Year(s) built
1000-1302 IC-41 1945-1952
15xx ICW-29 1952-1955
18xx ICWD-29 1950-1955
2000-2901 C-36 & IUC-35 1945-1950
2901-2943 C-36A & IUC-35A 1950-February 1955
4001-4050 C-40A 1950
5001-5864 T-44 & T-48 1946-1950
6734-6768 T-44A 1950-1954
7xxx not used
8119-8345 T-48A 1950-1954
9xxx not used
10xxx not used
11001-11050 IUC-35A 1950
12001-12059 CD-36A 1950-August 1954
13001-13050 CD-40A 1951
14001-14050 IUCD-40A 1951
15000-15666 CD-44A 1952-1957
16001-16084 IUCD-44A 1952-1954
17000-17829 CD-52 & CD-52A 1955-1959
18001-18038 CD-45 1957-1959
(19)001-(19)026 TD-43 1960-1962
(20)001-(20)112 TD-51 1960-1961

Annual Production

Year IC-41 C-36
C-40A IUC-35 C-36A CD-40A
1945 1000-0000 2000-2137
1946 1001-1044 2138-2431
1947 1095-1142 2432-2736
1948 1143-1257 2737-2833
1949 1258-1267 2834-2872
1950 1268-1272 2873-2922 1800-0000 4001-4050 11001-11050 12001-12032
1951 2923-2938 1801-1820

12033-12042 13001-13050
1952 1273-1302 1821,1522 15000-15060 16001-16050 12043-12046
1953 2939-2941 1823-0000 15061-15159 12047-12054
1954 2942-0000 1524-1527
15160-15273 16051-16084 12055-12059
1955 2943-0000 1529-1536 15274-15375
1956 15376-15566 17026-17086
1957 15567-15666 18001-18007 17101-17280
1958 18008-18016 17281-17636
1959 18017-18038 17637-17828
Year IC-41 C-36
CD-44A IUCD-44A CD-45 CD-52