BYD Auto K9
|Years of manufacture||2010 to present|
The BYD Auto K9, also called the "eBus-12", is a low floor battery-electic transit bus. It can be fully charged in five hours and can travel a distance of 249 kilometres in an urban environment.
Development of the bus began in 2009. By the beginning of 2010, a prototype was undergoing trials. The early K9 was a fully low floor bus and could feature two or three doors. The batteries were located above each of the wheelwells in the passenger compartment, and the majority of the seats were arranged along the perimeter of the bus.
In 2011, BYD made their entrance into the Canadian market through East Wind Group and Canadian Rail Collision and Refurbish. A demo bus was displayed in May 2011 in Mississauga and inspected by MiWay, Metrolinx, Brampton Transit, OC Transpo and other Ontario transit agencies. East Wind Group selected Windsor, Ontario as the city where an assembly for the buses would be located. Windsor was to receive up to 10 buses as part of the agreement, however it expired in 2013. No buses were purchased as they never received Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards approval.
At the end of 2012, the K9 was revised to a partial low floor design. The batteries over the rear wheels are now on the roof and behind the rearmost seats, but the batteries over the front wheels remain. The front fascia was slightly revised with less of a slope and a higher windshield. The rear was reconfigured with more space for mechanical components, eliminating the rear window.
Long Beach Transit awarded BYD a contract for 10 buses in March 2013, and BYD was able to acquire an assembly facility in Lancaster, California. They introduced a model built to American and Canadian motor vehicle standards, called the K9M, in June 2013. It looks similar to their partial low floor model sold overseas. Key differences include interior fittings, simplified headlights, and thicker front and rear bumpers. Further revisions include a streamlined raised roofline and standardized round tail lights.
The order by Long Beach was mutually cancelled by the city and BYD in March 2014. According to the Federal Transit Administration, BYD was not eligible for the federally-funded bus contract at the time it was awarded. The bidding process was restarted, this time with BYD as an eligible manufacturer. In April 2015, they were able to once again secure the contract.
In 2016, BYD introduced a new body style across most of their North American product line. The round headlights angle downwards towards the centre of the front with the area sculpted above to match. The roofline is raised at the front and sweeps back. The roofline at the rear is shaped similarly. This model is known as the K9MC. The buses built for the University of California, Los Angeles are among the first to feature this design.
|Length: 12.00m (39.37') / 12.05m (39.53') / 12.47m (40.9', N. America)|
|Width: 2550mm (100.4") / 2581mm (101.6', N. America)|
|Height: 3360mm (126") / 3520mm (138.6', N. America)|
|Wheelbase: 5.950m (19.52') / 5.900m (19.36') / 7.214 (23.67', N. America)|
|2 x BYD TYC-90A 90 kW (max) permenant magnet motor|
|BYD FADMD7315 Lithium iron phosphate batteries|
|Front and rear air, ECAS|
|Front and rear disc, ABS and ASR|
- Société des transports intercommunaux de Bruxelles (STIB) - Brussels (demonstration)
- BC Transit - Province of British Columbia excluding Metro Vancouver (demonstration)
- Coast Mountain Bus Company (Translink) - Metro Vancouver, BC (demonstration)
- Edmonton Transit System (ETS) - Edmonton, AB (demonstration)
- Guelph Transit - Guelph, ON (demonstration)
- Société de transport de Montréal (STM) - Gatineau, QC (demonstration)
- Société de transport de l'Outaouais (STO) - Gatineau, QC (demonstration)
- Toronto Transit Commission - Toronto, ON (on order)
- Veolia Transport Finland - Espoo
- Bangalore Metropolitan Transport - Bangalore
- Dan Bus Company - Tel Aviv
- Rapid KL
- Arriva Schiermonnikoog - Schiermonnikoog
- Gradsko saobraćajno preduzeće Beograd - Belgrade
- Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) - Barcelona
- Go-Ahead London - London
- Anaheim Resort Transportation - Anaheim, CA
- Anteater Express - Irvine, CA
- Antelope Valley Transit Authority (AVTA) - Palmdale & Lancaster, CA
- BruinBus Campus Shuttle - Los Angeles, CA
- Columbia Transit System - Columbia, MO
- Denver Airport Green District shuttle - Denver, CO
- Gardena Municipal Bus Lines - Gardena, CA
- Hertz Car Rental - Los Angeles, CA (demonstration)
- Lane Transit District (LTD) - Eugene & Lane County, OR (on order)
- Long Beach Transit - Long Beach, CA
- Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA) - Los Angeles, CA
- Marguerite Shuttle (Stanford University) - Palo Alto, CA
- Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) - New York, NY (demonstration)
- Regional Transit Authority of Central Maryland - Columbia, MD
- Solano County Transit - Benicia and Vallejo, CA
- University of Utah Campus Shuttle - Salt Lake City, UT
- Vail Transit - Vail, CO (demonstration)
Demonstrator and engineering units
Below is a list of known demonstrator and engineering buses.
|1322 / 33-999||August 2012||LC06S24R4C0000005|
|no#||February 2013||LC06S24R0D0000021||BYD TYC90A||
|1007 / 9092||May 2016||4B9KSLA69G2038001||
- BYD K9 electric bus. 12 January 2011. BYD Auto Co. Ltd.. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- Rosella, Louie (10 May 2011). 'E-bus' Visits Mississauga. mississauga.com. Retrieved on 19 August 2011
- Doelen, Vadner (4 May 2011).Electric Buses Assembled in Windsor. Windsor Star (Windsor). Retrieved on 19 August 2011
- 01 May 2013. BYD deal with Windsor expires, company opens in California. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 28 June 2013
- Miller, Scott (3 April 2018). Vail testing fully electric buses this year; purchases wouldn’t come until 2020. Vail Daily. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- Miller, Scott N. (04 April 2018). Vail tests electric buses. The Denver Post. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- Product page, byd.com